Pull‐Off Strength of Gardner‐Wells Tongs from Cadaveric Crania

@article{Krag1989PullOffSO,
  title={Pull‐Off Strength of Gardner‐Wells Tongs from Cadaveric Crania},
  author={Martin H. Krag and William Byrt and Malcolm Henry Pope},
  journal={Spine},
  year={1989},
  volume={14},
  pages={247–250}
}
Failure of attachment (“pull-off”) of Gardner-Wells tongs from the cranium occasionally occurs, and may cause problems, especially in cases of significant cervical spinal instability. The optimal method for Gardner-Wells tongs attachment is not well defined: the effect on pull-off strength of stem protrusion of the spring-loaded pin, and user accuracy in setting stem protrusion do not appear to be documented In the medical literature. The authors measured pull-off strength from five fresh… 

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