Public health importance of triggers of myocardial infarction: a comparative risk assessment

@article{Nawrot2011PublicHI,
  title={Public health importance of triggers of myocardial infarction: a comparative risk assessment},
  author={Tim S. Nawrot and Laura P{\'e}rez and Nino K{\"u}nzli and Elke Munters and Benoit Nemery},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={2011},
  volume={377},
  pages={732-740}
}
Triggers of myocardial infarction
Acute triggers of myocardial infarction: A case-crossover study☆
Environmental triggers of acute myocardial infarction: results of a nationwide multiple-factorial population study
TLDR
In a global environmental model, low temperature is the most important environmental trigger for STEMI, whereas air pollution and influenza epidemics only seem to have a modest effect.
Triggering of acute myocardial infarction by different means of transportation
TLDR
It is suggested that transient exposure to traffic regardless of the means of transportation may increase the risk of acute myocardial infarction transiently.
Triggers of acute myocardial infarction: a neglected piece of the puzzle
TLDR
A picture of the most reliable evidence regarding the triggering of myocardial infarction is presented and contributes to further investigation in the field.
Cannabis smoking and myocardial infarction
TLDR
Cannabis as a trigger for myocardial infarction has a population attributable fraction (PAF) of 0.8% even though it is the most widely used illicit drug, but objective evidence restricts the triggering period to the first 2 h after cannabis smoking.
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References

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Transient Exposure to Coffee as a Trigger of a First Nonfatal Myocardial Infarction
TLDR
The findings indicate that coffee intake may trigger myocardial infarction, and the association is particularly strong among people with light/occasional intake of coffee, with sedentary lifestyle, or with 3 or more risk factors for coronary heart disease.
Triggering Myocardial Infarction by Marijuana
TLDR
Comparing the reported use of marijuana in the hour preceding symptoms of myocardial infarction onset to its expected frequency may provide insight into the triggering of my Cardiac Infarction by this and other, more common stressors.
Triggering of myocardial infarction by cocaine.
TLDR
Cocaine use is associated with a large abrupt and transient increase in the risk of acute myocardial infarction in patients who are otherwise at relatively low risk, and this finding suggests that studying the pathophysiological changes produced by cocaine may provide insights into the mechanisms by which myocardials is triggered by other stressors.
Triggering myocardial infarction by sexual activity. Low absolute risk and prevention by regular physical exertion. Determinants of Myocardial Infarction Onset Study Investigators.
TLDR
Sexual activity can trigger the onset of myocardial infarction, the relative risk is low, and the absolute risk increase caused by sexual activity also is extremely low (1 chance in a million for a healthy individual).
Increased Particulate Air Pollution and the Triggering of Myocardial Infarction
TLDR
Elevated concentrations of fine particles in the air may transiently elevate the risk of MIs within a few hours and 1 day after exposure, suggesting a potentially preventable trigger of MI.
The Effect of Particulate Air Pollution on Emergency Admissions for Myocardial Infarction: A Multicity Case-Crossover Analysis
TLDR
Examination of risk of emergency hospitalization associated with fine particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter < 10 μm for > 300,000 MIs during 1985–1999 among elderly residents of 21 U.S. cities concludes that increased concentrations of ambient PM10 are associated with increased risk of MI among the elderly.
Triggering Myocardial Infarction by Sexual Activity: Low Absolute Risk and Prevention by Regular Physical Exertion
TLDR
Sexual activity can trigger the onset of MI, but the relative risk is low, and the absolute risk increase caused by sexual activity also is extremely low (1 chance in a million for a healthy individual).
Ozone Air Pollution Is Associated With Acute Myocardial Infarction
TLDR
Observational data confirm that short-term O3 exposure within a period of 1 to 2 days is related to acute coronary events in middle-aged adults without heart disease, whereas NO2 and SO2 are not.
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