Public health and environmental benefits of adopting lead-free solders

  title={Public health and environmental benefits of adopting lead-free solders},
  author={Oladele A. Ogunseitan},
After more than 7,000 years of wide-spread use, lead is figuratively sinking in contemporary industrial ecology and global societal commerce. But, despite the long research history of documenting the detrimental impacts of lead use, and of legislative initiatives to phase lead out of various products and processes, the United States currently has no federal mandate comparable to the European Union’s “restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment… 

Overview and Functional Characterization of Pb–Free Solders

There are now new legislations emerging or being contemplated to restrict the use of Pb in electronic devices. This development has provided the impetus for the development of Pb- free solder alloys

Assessment Of Electronic Waste Management And The Environmental Impact On Kaduna Metropolis, Nigeria

The development of electrical and electronic industry has led to increase not only in the production of new goods, but also in scraps generation. The rapid movements in electronic industry, e-waste

A review of geopolymer ceramic as a potential reinforcement material in solder alloys

Nowadays, lead-free solder has been currently used in electronic packaging technology as part of soldering material. Since SnPb was detected to produce toxicity and might harm the consumers, the

Determination of metals in printed wiring boards of waste mobile phones

Metal contents of waste mobile phones represent a major environmental risk, especially considering the adoption of inappropriate management options in developing countries including open burning and

Reliability issues of lead-free solder joints in electronic devices

This paper reviews the research progress on the reliability of lead-free solder joints and discusses the influence of temperature, vibration, tin whisker and electromigration onThe reliability of solder joints.

A short review: Properties of superconducting solder

Development of electronic devices were moving towards miniaturization, multifunction and increasingly specific service environment of solder interconnects, where this drive to the higher requirements



Adopting Lead‐Free Electronics: Policy Differences and Knowledge Gaps

For more than a decade, the use of lead (Pb) in electronics has been controversial: Indeed, its toxic effects are well documented, whereas relatively little is known about proposed alternative

Leaching assessments of hazardous materials in cellular telephones.

The results improve existing environmental databases for e-waste and highlight the need to review regulatory testing for hazardous waste.

Comparative quantification of health risks. Global and regional burden of disease attributable to selected major risk factors. Volume 1.

This book provides a comprehensive assessment of the scientific evidence on prevalence and hazards, and the resulting health effects, of a range of exposures that are known to be hazardous to human health, including childhood and maternal undernutrition, nutritional and physiological risk factors for adult health, addictive substances, sexual and reproductive health, and risks in the physical environments of households and communities.

California households' willingness to pay for ‘green’ electronics

Abstract Concerns about rapid increases in the volume of electronic waste (e-waste) and its potential toxicity have sharpened policy makers' interest for extended producer responsibility to encourage

Household Willingness to Recycle Electronic Waste

Electronic waste (e-waste) has become the main contributor of lead to landfills in the United States. Households also store large volumes of e-waste, yet little is known about their willingness to

Spatial distribution of polybrominated diphenyl ethers and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans in soil and combusted residue at Guiyu, an electronic waste recycling site in southeast China.

The crude processing of e-waste has become one of the major contributors of PBDEs and PCDD/Fs to the terrestrial environment and acid leaching and open burning emitted the highest concentrations.

Implications of Pb-free microelectronics assembly in aerospace applications

The commercial microelectronics industry is rapidly implementing Pb-free assembly strategies and it should be mostly Pb free within the next decade. This trend is driven by existing and proposed