Public Support for Political Violence and Paramilitarism in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland

  title={Public Support for Political Violence and Paramilitarism in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland},
  author={B. Hayes and I. McAllister},
  journal={Terrorism and Political Violence},
  pages={599 - 617}
Most of the research on paramilitary activity in Northern Ireland has concentrated on either the historical origins of paramilitary organizations or the background characteristics of individuals who engage in this activity. Less attention has been given to analyzing public attitudes in both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland toward the use of paramilitary violence as a political tool within this society. In this paper we argue that one of the reasons for the intractability of the… Expand
The Challenges of Policing in a Deeply Divided Society
Northern Ireland is a deeply divided society. From 1969 to 1998 an ethnic conflict raged in the province. During this period there was a high level of terrorist activity. In 1976, the BritishExpand
Policing, Terrorism and the Conundrum of 'Community': A Northern Ireland Perspective
On an international scale, Northern Ireland has enjoyed a relatively ‘elevated’ position in terms of the political, economic and not least research attention which has been devoted to the resolutionExpand
Competition in the market for political violence : Northern Irish Republicanism, 1969-1998
There has been considerable debate within the literature about how competition influences violent political organizations (VPOs). Applying economic theories of competition to the production ofExpand
The Brexit Effect? Ethno-National Divisions on the Island of Ireland among Political Elites and the Youth
Abstract The status of Northern Ireland has been at the heart of the Brexit impasse. Using semi-structured interviews of political elites and an original survey experiment administered to youngExpand
Victimisation and Attitudes Towards Former Political Prisoners in Northern Ireland
The release of ex-combatants and the mechanisms for their re-integration within society has become an increasingly controversial issue in peace settlements. Yet to date, the view of victimsExpand
From Paramilitaries to Peacemakers: The Gender Dynamics of Community-Based Restorative Justice in Northern Ireland
Community-based restorative justice (CBRJ) schemes emerged in Northern Ireland during the ‘peace process’ to provide an alternative to paramilitary systems of justice. These initiatives have receivedExpand
Paramilitary punishments in Belfast: policing beneath the peace
As an enduring legacy of the conflict, paramilitary policing remains an unpalatable but indisputable fact within Belfast's working-class, Republican communities. Historically, while much attentionExpand
The Limits of Legitimacy: Former Loyalist Combatants and Peace‐Building in Northern Ireland
Abstract The British government has a fraught relationship with former combatants in Northern Ireland. It simultaneously benefits from former combatants’ peace‐building efforts, whilst beingExpand
Violence, De-escalation, and Nationalism: Northern Ireland and the Basque Country Compared
The sub-state nationalist conflicts in both Northern Ireland and the Basque Country have undergone significant de-escalation. However, while the transformation of the conflict in Northern IrelandExpand
Shadow policing: the boundaries of community-based ‘policing’ in Northern Ireland
The intention of this article is to provide a structural and operational analysis of policing beyond the police in Northern Ireland. While the polity enjoys low levels of ‘officially’ recorded crimeExpand


Sowing Dragon's Teeth: Public Support for Political Violence and Paramilitarism in Northern Ireland
While much attention has been devoted to political efforts to solve the Northern Ireland problem, less attention has been given to the role of political violence in sustaining the conflict. We argueExpand
Ireland in conflict, 1922-1998
Ireland in Conflict, 1922-1998 sets out the main political, economic and social developments in Ireland, north and south of the border, since the 1922 treaty. This book explains the troubles in theirExpand
The Red Hand: Protestant Paramilitaries in Northern Ireland
Introduction: Researching a grey world Ulster and the first Ulster Volunteer Force from civil rights to civil strife vigilantes and the Ulster Defence Association paramilitaries and politicians - theExpand
British and Irish public opinion towards the Northern Ireland problem
Abstract Four publics are involved in any resolution of the Northern Ireland problem: the Northern Ireland public itself, divided between Protestant and Catholic; and the British and Irish publics.Expand
Who voted for peace? Public support for the 1998 Northern Ireland agreement
Abstract The April 1998 Good Friday Agreement represents the most promising attempt in 30 years to settle the Northern Ireland conflict. Yet for more than a year after it was ratified by anExpand
Northern Ireland's Troubles: The Human Costs
Part 1 Context: Northern Ireland - a state in conflict understanding political violence in Northern Ireland economic and social aspects of the troubles pen pictures of the protagonists a chronologyExpand
Aspects of the Belfast Agreement
1. Aspects of the Belfast Agreement: Introduction 2. Context and Content: Sunningdale and Belfast Compared 3. Transcending an Ethnic Party System? The Impact of Consociational Governance on ElectoralExpand
The Politics of Antagonism: Understanding Northern Ireland
Auditing the antagonism the colonial roots of antagonism - fateful triangles in Ulster, Ireland and Britain 1609-1920 exercising control - the second Protestant ascendancy 1920-1962 losing control -Expand
Defenders or Criminals?: Loyalist Prisoners and Criminalisation
Based on in-depth interviews, this is an investigation into loyalist prisoners in Northern Ireland. Many loyalist prison officers believe that, had a more humane approach towards loyalist prisonersExpand
The making of modern Ireland, 1603-1923
The publication in 1965 of J.C. Beckett's The Making of Modern Ireland was a milestone in the modern study of Irish history. "This excellent book supersedes all previous histories of modern IrelandExpand