Public Defibrillation: Increased Survival From a Structured Response System

@article{Powell2004PublicDI,
  title={Public Defibrillation: Increased Survival From a Structured Response System},
  author={Judy L Powell and Lois van Ottingham and Eleanor B. Schron},
  journal={The Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing},
  year={2004},
  volume={19},
  pages={384–389}
}
The Public Access Defibrillation (PAD) trial was a prospective, randomized, controlled study designed to compare the number of persons surviving to hospital discharge after experiencing an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OOH-CA) among “community units” randomized to receive cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) only or CPR plus an automated external defibrillator (AED). In 24 centers across the United States and Canada, 993 community units, composed of 1260 individual facilities, trained more… Expand

Paper Mentions

Interventional Clinical Trial
To measure survival to hospital discharge of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in community units (e.g., apartment or office buildings, gated communities, sports venues… Expand
ConditionsArrhythmia, Death, Sudden, Cardiac, Heart Arrest, (+3 more)
InterventionDevice
Can lay responder defibrillation programmes improve survival to hospital discharge following an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest?
TLDR
The role of the lay responder appears promising in improving the outcome from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest following early defibrillation, and future research should address outcomes related to morbidity, mortality and cost-effectiveness. Expand
A Poor Association Between Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Location and Public Automated External Defibrillator Placement
TLDR
A poor association exists between the location of cardiac Arrest location and public automated external defibrillator placement in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest location. Expand
Early CPR and defibrillation by laypersons in out-of-hospital ardiac arrest: process evaluation from a perspective of EMS personnel in the region of Twente [NL]
TLDR
Overall EMS personnel were positive about laypersons who provided or assisted in emergency medical care for victims with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest from the perspective of EMS personnel in order to identify problems and possible improvements. Expand
Singapore Defibrillation Guidelines 2016.
The most common initial rhythm in a sudden cardiac arrest is ventricular fibrillation or pulseless ventricular tachycardia. This is potentially treatable with defibrillation, especially if providedExpand
An observational study describing the geographic-time distribution of cardiac arrests in Singapore: what is the utility of geographic information systems for planning public access defibrillation? (PADS Phase I).
TLDR
This study demonstrates the utility of GIS with a national cardiac arrest database and has implications for implementing a PAD program, targeted CPR training, AED placement and ambulance deployment. Expand
Public access to defibrillation (PAD): implementing a church program.
  • J. Gilchrist
  • Engineering, Medicine
  • Journal of Christian nursing : a quarterly publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
  • 2012
TLDR
This article outlines steps and resources for setting up a public access to defibrillation (PAD) program and helps save lives. Expand
Cost-effectiveness of automated external defibrillators in public places: pro
TLDR
Automated external defibrillators appear to be cost-effective in locations with high incidences of cardiac arrest, with low-incidence sites being prohibitively expensive. Expand
Efetividade de um treinamento na aprendizagem de familiares de pacientes cardiopatas sobre ressuscitação cardiopulmonar
Introduction: Considering that cardiovascular diseases are responsible for high mortality rates in the world and that this scenario is not different in Brazil, the Brazilian Society of CardiologyExpand
Comparison of ventilation and chest compression performance by bystanders using the Impact Model 730 ventilator and a conventional bag valve with mask in a model of adult cardiopulmonary arrest.
TLDR
This study evaluated the ventilation and compression performance of 40 basic CPR-trained bystanders using either a BVM or an ATV and suggested that the M730 improves the quality of performance for a bystander performing BCPR. Expand
Implications for public access defibrillation placement by non‐traumatic out‐of‐hospital cardiac arrest occurrence in Singapore
TLDR
The incidence rate of out‐of‐hospital cardiac arrest for different location categories in Singapore was determined to determine the incidence rate. Expand
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Public-access defibrillation and survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.
TLDR
Training and equipping volunteers to attempt early defibrillation within a structured response system can increase the number of survivors to hospital discharge after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in public locations. Expand
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TLDR
The device correctly classified the initial and all subsequent rhythms in 92 patients with asystole, 46 with electromechanical dissociation, and 22 others with presumed respiratory arrest and its use may improve survival by shortening the time to defibrillation. Expand
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