TNF-receptor-1 adaptor protein FAN mediates TNF-induced B16 melanoma motility and invasion
The WD-repeat protein factor associated with nSMase activity (FAN) is a member of the family of TNF receptor adaptor proteins that are coupled to specific signaling cascades. However, the precise functional involvement of FAN in specific cellular TNF responses remain unclear. Here, we report the involvement of FAN in TNF-induced actin reorganization and filopodia formation mediated by activation of Cdc42. The pleckstrin-homology (PH) domain of FAN specifically binds to phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P), which targets FAN to the plasma membrane. Site-specific mutagenesis revealed that the ability of FAN to mediate filopodia formation was blunted either by the destruction of the PtdIns(4,5)P binding motif, or by the disruption of intramolecular interactions between the PH domain and the adjacent beige and Chediak-Higashi (BEACH) domain. Furthermore, FAN was shown to interact with the actin cytoskeleton in TNF-stimulated cells via direct filamentous actin (F-actin) binding. The results of this study suggest that PH-mediated plasma membrane targeting of FAN is critically involved in TNF-induced Cdc42 activation and cytoskeleton reorganization.