Psychotherapy by reciprocal inhibition

  title={Psychotherapy by reciprocal inhibition},
  author={Joseph Wolpe},
  journal={Conditional reflex : a Pavlovian journal of research \& therapy},
  • J. Wolpe
  • Published 1 June 1958
  • Psychology
  • Conditional reflex : a Pavlovian journal of research & therapy
Reciprocal inhibition is a process of relearning whereby in the presence of a stimulus a non-anxiety-producing response is continually repeated until it extinguishes the old, undesirable response. A variety of the techniques based on reciprocal inhibition, such as systematic desensitization, avoidance conditioning, and the use of assertion, are described in detail. Behavior therapy techniques evaluated on the basis of their clinical efficacy are found to have striking success over traditional… 

Reciprocal inhibition and therapeutic change.

  • J. Wolpe
  • Psychology
    Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry
  • 1981

Dynamic Psychotherapy and Behavior Therapy

The following article by Marmor is noteworthy because it constituted one of the earliest recognitions by an experienced psychoanalyst of the legitimacy and efficacy of behavioral therapy for certain

TITLE Effects of Differential Anxiety Level and the Repression-Sensitization Dimension in Desensitization Therapy

Three reliably different levels of anxiety produced in Ss during cognitive rehearsals of approaching feared objects did not lead to differential decreases of avoidance or fear in the presence of the

Reinforcement and nonreinforcement in Rogerian psychotherapy.

  • C. Truax
  • Psychology
    Journal of abnormal psychology
  • 1966
Excerpts from tape recordings of a single, long-term, successful therapy case handled by Rogers indicated significant reinforcement effects in the clientcentered therapy.

The Practice of Behavior Therapy.

In 1958, Joseph Wolpe published Psychotherapy by Reciprocal Inhibition , and in it he presented three specific procedures for the treatment of three types of neuroses: (1) desensitization for

Potency in Psychotherapy*

  • A. Gilchrist
  • Psychology
    The Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry
  • 1976
This paper defines therapeutic potency in terms of constructive as opposed to destructive intervention and concludes that potency will be at a maximum whenever the therapist selects the most efficient technique for working with his client regardless of the school which gave birth to it.



Reciprocal inhibition as the main basis of psychotherapeutic effects.

  • J. Wolpe
  • Psychology
    A.M.A. archives of neurology and psychiatry
  • 1954
Evidence is presented in support of the view that neurotic behavior is persistent unadaptive learned behavior in which anxiety is almost always prominent and which is acquired in anxiety-generating situations.

The use of "emotive imagery" in the treatment of children's phobias.

A Reciprocal Inhibition (3) technique for the treatment of children's phobias is presented which consists essentially of an adaptation of Wolpe's method of “systematic desensitization” (4). Instead


  • J. Wolpe
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The Journal of nervous and mental disease
  • 1961
The once-in-a-lifetime trial showed clear improvements in the prognosis of Alzheimer's disease in patients treated with a prophylactic cannabis-based treatment.

Conditioned Reflex Therapy

The advantages of fibular osteotomy combined with lengthening of the tendo Ach.illis are twofold. This procedure may give an acceptable addition to the amount of dorsiflexion otherwise obtainable,