Psychosocial study of depression in early pregnancy.

@article{Kitamura1996PsychosocialSO,
  title={Psychosocial study of depression in early pregnancy.},
  author={Toshio Kitamura and Michiya Sugawara and Kenichi Sugawara and Masaya Toda and Satoru Shima},
  journal={The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science},
  year={1996},
  volume={168 6},
  pages={
          732-8
        }
}
BACKGROUND The psychosocial correlates of depression during pregnancy were explored. METHOD Pregnant women attending the antenatal clinic of a general hospital (n = 1329) received a set of questionnaires including Zung's Self-Rating Depression Score (SDS). SDS high scores (> 49) (the cases: n = 179) were compared with low scores (< 38) (the controls; n = 343). RESULTS The cases were characterised by: first delivery; more nausea, vomiting, and anorexia; more menstrual pains and premenstrual… CONTINUE READING

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The cases were characterised by : first delivery ; more nausea , vomiting , and anorexia ; more menstrual pains and premenstrual irritability ; early paternal loss ; lower maternal care and higher paternal overprotection ; higher public self - consciousness score ; more smoking and use of medication in pregnancy ; unwanted pregnancy ; negative psychological response to the pregnancy by the woman and husband ; poor intimacy by the husband ; and having remarried .
The cases were characterised by : first delivery ; more nausea , vomiting , and anorexia ; more menstrual pains and premenstrual irritability ; early paternal loss ; lower maternal care and higher paternal overprotection ; higher public self - consciousness score ; more smoking and use of medication in pregnancy ; unwanted pregnancy ; negative psychological response to the pregnancy by the woman and husband ; poor intimacy by the husband ; and having remarried .
AnorexiaNo subtypeNausea
The cases were characterised by : first delivery ; more nausea , vomiting , and anorexia ; more menstrual pains and premenstrual irritability ; early paternal loss ; lower maternal care and higher paternal overprotection ; higher public self - consciousness score ; more smoking and use of medication in pregnancy ; unwanted pregnancy ; negative psychological response to the pregnancy by the woman and husband ; poor intimacy by the husband ; and having remarried .
NauseaNo subtypeAnorexia
The cases were characterised by : first delivery ; more nausea , vomiting , and anorexia ; more menstrual pains and premenstrual irritability ; early paternal loss ; lower maternal care and higher paternal overprotection ; higher public self - consciousness score ; more smoking and use of medication in pregnancy ; unwanted pregnancy ; negative psychological response to the pregnancy by the woman and husband ; poor intimacy by the husband ; and having remarried .
The cases were characterised by : first delivery ; more nausea , vomiting , and anorexia ; more menstrual pains and premenstrual irritability ; early paternal loss ; lower maternal care and higher paternal overprotection ; higher public self - consciousness score ; more smoking and use of medication in pregnancy ; unwanted pregnancy ; negative psychological response to the pregnancy by the woman and husband ; poor intimacy by the husband ; and having remarried .
The cases were characterised by : first delivery ; more nausea , vomiting , and anorexia ; more menstrual pains and premenstrual irritability ; early paternal loss ; lower maternal care and higher paternal overprotection ; higher public self - consciousness score ; more smoking and use of medication in pregnancy ; unwanted pregnancy ; negative psychological response to the pregnancy by the woman and husband ; poor intimacy by the husband ; and having remarried .
The cases were characterised by : first delivery ; more nausea , vomiting , and anorexia ; more menstrual pains and premenstrual irritability ; early paternal loss ; lower maternal care and higher paternal overprotection ; higher public self - consciousness score ; more smoking and use of medication in pregnancy ; unwanted pregnancy ; negative psychological response to the pregnancy by the woman and husband ; poor intimacy by the husband ; and having remarried .
The cases were characterised by : first delivery ; more nausea , vomiting , and anorexia ; more menstrual pains and premenstrual irritability ; early paternal loss ; lower maternal care and higher paternal overprotection ; higher public self - consciousness score ; more smoking and use of medication in pregnancy ; unwanted pregnancy ; negative psychological response to the pregnancy by the woman and husband ; poor intimacy by the husband ; and having remarried .
NauseaNo subtypeVomiting
The cases were characterised by : first delivery ; more nausea , vomiting , and anorexia ; more menstrual pains and premenstrual irritability ; early paternal loss ; lower maternal care and higher paternal overprotection ; higher public self - consciousness score ; more smoking and use of medication in pregnancy ; unwanted pregnancy ; negative psychological response to the pregnancy by the woman and husband ; poor intimacy by the husband ; and having remarried .
NauseaNo subtypeVomiting
The cases were characterised by : first delivery ; more nausea , vomiting , and anorexia ; more menstrual pains and premenstrual irritability ; early paternal loss ; lower maternal care and higher paternal overprotection ; higher public self - consciousness score ; more smoking and use of medication in pregnancy ; unwanted pregnancy ; negative psychological response to the pregnancy by the woman and husband ; poor intimacy by the husband ; and having remarried .
VomitingNo subtypeNausea
The cases were characterised by : first delivery ; more nausea , vomiting , and anorexia ; more menstrual pains and premenstrual irritability ; early paternal loss ; lower maternal care and higher paternal overprotection ; higher public self - consciousness score ; more smoking and use of medication in pregnancy ; unwanted pregnancy ; negative psychological response to the pregnancy by the woman and husband ; poor intimacy by the husband ; and having remarried .
VomitingNo subtypeNausea
The cases were characterised by : first delivery ; more nausea , vomiting , and anorexia ; more menstrual pains and premenstrual irritability ; early paternal loss ; lower maternal care and higher paternal overprotection ; higher public self - consciousness score ; more smoking and use of medication in pregnancy ; unwanted pregnancy ; negative psychological response to the pregnancy by the woman and husband ; poor intimacy by the husband ; and having remarried .
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