The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has had a fundamental impact on quality of life, delivery of care, and directions of research efforts for the hemophilia community. Studies of psychosocial issues in hemophilia before and after the HIV crisis are reviewed. Before this crisis, research addressed personality factors and coping, family functioning, impact of psychological factors on bleeding, effects of home treatment, and school functioning. After HIV problems surfaced, research focused on psychosocial impact of the epidemic, HIV knowledge assessments, and HIV transmission prevention efforts. HIV-positive children with hemophilia have not received sufficient attention. Future directions for research are suggested.