Psychosocial factors of relevance to sex and gender studies in headache.

@article{Smitherman2011PsychosocialFO,
  title={Psychosocial factors of relevance to sex and gender studies in headache.},
  author={Todd A Smitherman and Thomas Ward},
  journal={Headache},
  year={2011},
  volume={51 6},
  pages={923-31}
}
Sex and gender differences in humans are being increasingly recognized not only in experimental pain paradigms but also clinically. Women experience various chronic pain conditions such as headache more than men and evidence differences in pain threshold and pain tolerance experimentally. In addition to biological underpinnings, psychosocial factors such as gender and social role expectations, coping strategies, and affective variables likely contribute to observed sex- and gender-related… CONTINUE READING

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