Psychosocial and Immune Effects of Self-Hypnosis Training for Stress Management Throughout the First Semester of Medical School

  title={Psychosocial and Immune Effects of Self-Hypnosis Training for Stress Management Throughout the First Semester of Medical School},
  author={Wayne G. Whitehouse and David F. Dinges and Emily Carota Orne and Steven E. Keller and Brad L. Bates and Nancy K. Bauer and Page S. Morahan and Barbara A. Haupt and Michele Carlin and Peter B. Bloom and Line Zaugg and Martin T. Orne},
  journal={Psychosomatic Medicine},
This study was a 19-week prospective conducted to determine the effectiveness of a self-hypnosis/relaxation intervention to relieve symptoms of psychological distress and moderate immune system reactivity to examination stress in 35 first-year medical students. Twenty-one subjects were randomly selected for training in the use of self-hypnosis as a coping skill and were encouraged to practice regularly and to maintain daily diary records related to mood, sleep, physical symptoms, and frequency… 
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Examination stress, personality and self-reported physical symptoms.
  • O. Vassend
  • Psychology
    Scandinavian journal of psychology
  • 1988
Results showed that examination stress was associated with an increase in state anxiety and self-reported physical symptoms with the exception of heart-complaints which showed a gradual decline over the three experimental phases.
Disclosure of traumas and immune function: health implications for psychotherapy.
Two measures of cellular immune-system function and health center visits suggested that confronting traumatic experiences was physically beneficial and the implications for psychotherapy as a preventive treatment for health problems are discussed.
Psychosocial Modifiers of Immunocompetence in Medical Students
Blood was drawn twice from 75 first‐year medical students, with a baseline sample taken one month before their final examinations and a stress sample drawn on the first day of final examinations to address the effects of a naturally occurring stressor on components of the immune response.
Hormonal and psychological effects of examination stress.
The results demonstrated an increase in state anxiety, global stress level, systolic blood pressure and serum prolactin during stress (i.e. in phase II), and in phase III, the psychological responses were normalized, but both syStolic and diastolic blood Pressure as well as serum Prolactin, were still elevated.
Stress-related immune suppression: Health implications
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Effects of examination stress on some cellular immunity functions.
Aberrations in lymphocyte subpopulations and function during psychological stress.
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The influence of academic stress and season on 24-hour concentrations of growth hormone and prolactin.
It is suggested that serum GH and PRL levels may not be significantly altered in man by commonplace stressors, and seasonal effects may be operative in the control of human GH secretion.
Relaxation Increases Salivary Immunoglobulin a
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