Psychosocial Risk Factors for Postoperative Pain in Ankle and Hindfoot Reconstruction

@article{Mulligan2016PsychosocialRF,
  title={Psychosocial Risk Factors for Postoperative Pain in Ankle and Hindfoot Reconstruction},
  author={Ryan P. Mulligan and Kevin J McCarthy and Benjamin J. Grear and David R. Richardson and Susan N. Ishikawa and G Andrew Murphy},
  journal={Foot \& Ankle International},
  year={2016},
  volume={37},
  pages={1065 - 1070}
}
Background: The purpose of this study was to examine factors associated with pain after elective ankle and hindfoot reconstruction. Methods: Patients who underwent major ankle or hindfoot reconstruction over a 3-year period were identified. Retrospective chart review determined patient demographics, comorbidities, surgeries, tobacco, alcohol, and narcotic use, chronic pain, and mood disorders. Primary outcomes were cumulative amount of narcotic prescribed (morphine milligram equivalent dose) in… Expand
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