Psychosocial Development in Adolescents with Turner Syndrome

@article{McCauley2001PsychosocialDI,
  title={Psychosocial Development in Adolescents with Turner Syndrome},
  author={Elizabeth A McCauley and Penelope P. Feuillan and Harvey W Kushner and Judith L Ross},
  journal={Journal of Developmental \& Behavioral Pediatrics},
  year={2001},
  volume={22},
  pages={360-365}
}
Turner syndrome is a genetic condition in which part or all of the second X chromosome is missing. Our goal in this study was to examine the psychosocial adjustment of a sample of adolescent girls with Turner syndrome. Subjects included 122 girls with a diagnosis of Turner syndrome (TS) and a control group of 108 girls with no genetic disorder or chronic illness. Subjects were 13 to 18 years of age. A battery of questionnaires assessing social, academic, school, and behavioral functioning was… 
Psychosocial Functioning and Social Cognitive Processing in Girls with Turner Syndrome
TLDR
The hypothesis that young girls with TS who have not yet received estrogen treatment demonstrate significantly impaired social cognition is supported.
Experiences of social interaction in young women with Turner syndrome: a qualitative study.
TLDR
Young women with TS are aware they experience difficulties in social communication, and they express interest in improving their social skills, and social skills training during adolescence would be welcomed by them and their families.
Social skills in women with Turner Syndrome.
TLDR
It was found that TS girls' performance in SSI was as good as their sisters' and even better in meeting new people and facing unknown situations, suggesting that social difficulties may not cause TS girls major problems nor make them unhappy with their social lives, and/or TS girls may not be able to perceive their own difficulties.
Adult women with Turner syndrome: A systematic evaluation of current and past psychiatric illness, social functioning, and self-esteem
Abstract Abnormalities in both quality of life and cognitive measures have been well-documented in women with Turner Syndrome (TS). Additionally, shyness and social anxiety appear to be common
Depression in Turner Syndrome: A Systematic Review
TLDR
It is concluded that adolescents and adults with TS are at risk for depression and adulthood appears to be the period of the highest risk.
Social skills and relationships in Turner syndrome
TLDR
Women with Turner syndrome are likely to experience social interaction challenges across the lifespan, and providing appropriate guidance and support to them demands a better understanding of their strengths and weaknesses.
Behavioral Assessment of Social Anxiety in Females with Turner or Fragile X Syndrome
TLDR
Self-report and parental ratings did not suggest higher levels of anxiety in females with Turner or fragile X syndrome, but did reflect higher Levels of social difficulty, which may be a framework for understanding the difficulty these children experience in social situations.
Psychosocial well-being and quality of life in women with Turner syndrome
TLDR
Quality of life in TS seems to be negatively affected by depression and low self-esteem whereas satisfaction with income has a positive influence, implicate that medical staff needs to pay attention on possible psychosocial impairments when treating women with TS.
Care of girls and women with Turner syndrome: beyond growth and hormones
TLDR
This work first reviewed the literature on the cognitive and psychosocial development of girls with TS compared with normal development, from disclosure to young adulthood, and then introduces a psychossocial approach to counseling and treating patients with TS, including recommendations for age-appropriate psychological diagnostics.
Care of Girls with Turner Syndrome: Beyond Growth and Hormones
Girls with Turner syndrome (TS) have been described as being at risk of moderate psychological and social difficulties, although there is a considerable variability and not all individuals have these
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