Psychosis in adulthood is associated with high rates of ADHD and CD problems during childhood

@article{Dalteg2014PsychosisIA,
  title={Psychosis in adulthood is associated with high rates of ADHD and CD problems during childhood},
  author={A. Dalteg and Anders Zandelin and E. Tuninger and S. Levander},
  journal={Nordic Journal of Psychiatry},
  year={2014},
  volume={68},
  pages={560 - 566}
}
Abstract Background: Patients diagnosed with schizophrenia display poor premorbid adjustment (PPA) in half of the cases. Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and conduct disorder (CD) are common child psychiatric disorders. These two facts have not previously been linked in the literature. Aims: To determine the prevalence of ADHD/CD problems retrospectively among patients with psychoses, and whether and to what extent the high frequency of substance abuse problems among such… Expand
Clinical and functional implications of a history of childhood ADHD in first-episode psychosis
TLDR
A history of childhood ADHD in FEP is more frequent than that reported in the general population and predictive of poorer clinical response to treatment, emphasizing the need for actively screening for a history of ADHD inFEP patients and for treatments that are tailored for these patients. Expand
Personality disorders and Axis I comorbidity in adolescent outpatients with ADHD
TLDR
It is suggested that ADHD in girls in a general outpatient population may be more prevalent than previously assumed, and the importance of assessing antisocial and borderline personality pathology in adolescent girls presenting with ADHD symptoms is highlighted. Expand
Associations of attention-deficit/hyperactivity and other childhood disorders with psychotic experiences and disorders in adolescence
TLDR
Investigating whether childhood mental disorders in general and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) specifically indicate a risk for subsequent psychotic experiences and disorders finds that the ADHD combined subtype at age 7 was strongly associated with psychotic experiences at age 12. Expand
The relationship between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, bipolarity and mixed features in major depressive patients: Evidence from the BRIDGE-II-Mix Study.
TLDR
In a sample of major depressive patients, theComorbid diagnosis of current ADHD is associated with bipolar diathesis, mixed features, multiple psychiatric comorbidity and a more unstable course. Expand
Bullying Mediates Between Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Childhood and Psychotic Experiences in Early Adolescence
TLDR
Bullying is a relevant translating mechanism from ADHD in childhood to psychotic experiences in early adolescence and interventions that eliminate bullying in children with ADHD could potentially reduce the risk of having psychotic experiencesIn later life by up to 50%. Expand
Criminality among Former Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Patients and Matched Controls
Background: Externalizing symptoms in children (aggression, oppositionality, property and status violations), and the Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) triad of problems (inattention,Expand
Differences in Psychiatric Problems and Criminality Between Individuals Treated With Central Stimulants Before and After Adulthood
TLDR
The study supports the assumption that CS treatment during childhood/adolescence offers some protection against the development of a range of problems known to characterize adult ADHD patients. Expand
Developmental Differences Between Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder
TLDR
The great limitation is still the lack of studies comparing SZ and BD that include psychotic and nonpsychotic bipolar cases separately, and there are many cases, even in childhood/adolescent SZ, where no premorbid anomalies are found, and immunological disorders or other etiologies should be searched for. Expand
Improvement in refractory psychosis after initiating management for underlying ADHD
TLDR
It is concluded that ADHD and psychosis have some related pathophysiologic mechanisms but their connection has not been adequately explored, and clinicians in refractory psychosis should re-evaluate the diagnosis and one of the considerations should be ADHD. Expand
Neuropsychological characteristics of child and adolescent offspring of patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder
TLDR
The cognitive difficulties in visual memory shown by both the SZoff and BDoff groups might point to a common endophenotype in the two disorders. Expand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 54 REFERENCES
Association between Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in childhood and schizophrenia later in adulthood
TLDR
This prospective follow-up study found children with ADHD to be at higher risk of later schizophrenia than controls, and warrant increased focus on the possible emergence symptoms of schizophrenia or schizophreniform psychosis during clinical follow- up of patients with ADHD. Expand
Risk of bipolar disorder and schizophrenia in relatives of people with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
TLDR
The findings suggest that the co-occurrence of ADHD and bipolar disorder as well as ADHD and schizophrenia is due to shared genetic factors, rather than representing completely aetiologically distinct subsyndromes. Expand
The comorbidity of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in bipolar disorder patients.
TLDR
A-ADHD is a frequent comorbidity in BMD and is associated with early starting age of BMD, higher number of manic episodes during the course of B MD, and more comorbrid Axis I diagnoses. Expand
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, reading disability, and personality disorders in a prison population.
TLDR
Assessment of childhood ADHD and its persistence into adulthood among a representative sample of Norwegian prison inmates, as well as personality disorders and reading difficulties, indicate that persistent ADHD is very common among prison inmates. Expand
The correlates of comorbid antisocial personality disorder in schizophrenia.
TLDR
Comparisons of the men with and without APD revealed no differences in the course or symptomatology of schizophrenia, and multivariate models confirmed strong associations of comorbid APD with substance abuse, attention/concentration problems, and poor academic performance in childhood. Expand
The consequences of Conduct Disorder for males who develop schizophrenia: Associations with criminality, aggressive behavior, substance use, and psychiatric services
TLDR
The results are interpreted to suggest that CD is a distinct co-morbid disorder that runs parallel to the course of schizophrenia. Expand
Diagnostic specificity of poor premorbid adjustment: Comparison of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and mood disorder with psychotic features
TLDR
Results suggest that social functioning is disrupted in the premorbid phase of both schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder, but remains fairly stable in mood disorders with psychotic features. Expand
Prevalence of ADHD and its subtypes in male and female adult prison inmates.
TLDR
The present study examined the prevalence of ADHD, its subtypes, and associated psychological and neuropsychological comorbidity as a function of gender in a sample of 3,962 inmates who had completed the Coolidge Correctional Inventory, finding the overall ADHD prevalence rate was 10.5%, substantially higher than the rate among adults in the general population. Expand
Premorbid adjustment in schizophrenia — An important aspect of phenotype definition
TLDR
PAS scores are worse in individuals who eventually develop schizophrenia, and the distribution of these scores among schizophrenia inpatients is correlated with specific clinical features, suggesting that PMA is in itself a valuable phenotype characteristic and that it may represent a specific biological phenotype which may be of value in sub-sample selection. Expand
From conduct disorder to severe mental illness: associations with aggressive behaviour, crime and victimization
TLDR
The number of CD symptoms present prior to age 15 significantly increased the risk of serious assaults over the lifespan, aggressive behaviour in the past 6 months, and violent crime after controlling for alcohol and illicit drug use. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...