Psychosis: from mental disorder to disease concept

@article{Beer1995PsychosisFM,
  title={Psychosis: from mental disorder to disease concept},
  author={M. Dominic Beer},
  journal={History of Psychiatry},
  year={1995},
  volume={6},
  pages={177 - 200}
}
  • M. D. Beer
  • Published 1 June 1995
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • History of Psychiatry
This article traces the development of the concept of psychosis from its being coined as a general term for mental disorder in 1845 by the Austrian psychiatrist Ernst von Feuchtersleben until its reification as a disease concept in the twentieth century by the German psychiatrist and pupil of Kraepelin Kurt Schneider. 
Focus on psychosis
TLDR
To advance the elucidation of the causes and the pathophysiology of the symptoms of psychosis, a deconstruction of the term into its component symptoms is therefore warranted.
Psychosis: a history of the concept.
  • M. D. Beer
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Comprehensive psychiatry
  • 1996
The importance of the social and intellectual contexts in a discussion of the history of the concept of psychosis.
  • M. D. Beer
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Psychological medicine
  • 1995
This paper show that, through out its 150 year history, the concept of 'psychosis' has not been static, but has reflected the intellectual and social contexts in which it has been employed. Initially
[The concept of reflex psychosis: roots, importance and assessment in psychiatric and philosophical context].
Reflex psychosis is a pathogenetic concept of the nineteenth century which has its roots in development of the concept of a reflex arc and its transfer to the understanding of psychiatric diseases.
Neurosis: aspects of its conceptual development in the nineteenth century
  • S. Køppe
  • Psychology
    History of psychiatry
  • 2009
TLDR
The relations between psychiatry and neurology in the nineteenth century are described to provide a background for the constitution of the concept of `neurosis'; its relationships to `psychic shock' and `Psychic paralysis' are also analysed.
Schizophrenia: early history of diagnosis
TLDR
A brief history of the main issues is provided in order to support critical analysis of current DSM and ICD-10 diagnostic criteria.
The concept of psychosis: historical and phenomenological aspects.
  • M. Bürgy
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Schizophrenia bulletin
  • 2008
TLDR
It is shown that a return to the legacy of phenomenology and a reformulation of the long-standing question concerning the specific symptoms of the schizophrenic psychosis are currently in progress.
The dichotomies: psychosis/neurosis and functional/organic: a historical perspective
  • M. D. Beer
  • Psychology, Medicine
    History of psychiatry
  • 1996
TLDR
The historical contrast between the so-called functional and the organic disorders will be addressed in this article, as will its relationship to historical and contemporary issues regarding the psychosis-neurosis dichotomy.
The Ins and Outs of ‘Schizophrenia’: Considering Diagnostic Terms as Ordinary Linguistic Expressions
TLDR
It is shown how a focus on language itself can inform current and future debates about psychiatric terminology and provide new insights on relevant processes concerning their actual usage and change over time.
The endogenous psychoses: a conceptual history
  • M. D. Beer
  • Psychology, Medicine
    History of psychiatry
  • 1996
TLDR
This article will specifically address the term endogenous psychosis, which according to Schneider (1959), the yardstick for many Englishand German-speaking psychiatrists, the endogenous psychoses were Kraepelin’s insanity.
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