• Corpus ID: 43181425

Psychophysiologic Aspects of Multiple Personality Disorder A Review

@inproceedings{Coons1988PsychophysiologicAO,
  title={Psychophysiologic Aspects of Multiple Personality Disorder A Review},
  author={Philip M. Coons},
  year={1988}
}
Multiple personality disorder has been associated with marked psychophysiologic alterations ever since careful clinical observations have been made on this perplexing disorder. Physical symptoms known to be associated with multiple personality include headaches, conversion symptoms, changes in voice, seizure-like activity, unexplained pain or insensitivity to pain, altera­ tions in handedness or handwriting style, palpitations, alterations in respiration, gastrointestinal disturbances including… 
Assessing Dissociation In Craniomandibular Disorders Individuals: Use of Antianxiety and Antidepressant Drugs
TLDR
Dissociation in CMD/bruxing behavior individuals varied greatly, mild and moderate dissociation occurred more frequently, and antidepressants rather than antianxiety drugs were used more frequently in C MD and dissociation patients than in those CMD without dissociation.
Dissociative identity disorder as a wide range of defense mechanisms in children with a history of early childhood trauma
TLDR
It is concluded that multiple personality disorder can be a broad variant of the child's defense mechanisms against extreme, traumatic events from childhood, which they try to cope with by creating alter personalities.
Medication use in craniomandibular disorders and bruxing behavior in subjects with and without dissociation : a comparison study
TLDR
A positive and significant correlation was observed in the amount of medication use and scores in dissociation in the CMDs + dissociation group (Pearson r=0.006) and many C MDs individuals present significant scores in Dissociation, thus, a comprehensive evaluation of such patients is mandatory.
Psychophysiological and Psychological Correlates of Dissociation in a Case of Dissociative Identity Disorder
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to examine the psychological and psychophysiological mechanisms that underlie dissociative experiences in dissociative disorders. A four-stage, personalized guided
Hippocampal and amygdalar volumes in dissociative identity disorder.
TLDR
The findings are consistent with the presence of smaller hippocampal and amygdalar volumes in patients with dissociative identity disorder, compared with healthy subjects.
The dissociative disorders. Rarely considered and underdiagnosed.
  • P. Coons
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The Psychiatric clinics of North America
  • 1998
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 59 REFERENCES
Multiple Personality Disorder: A Clinical Investigation of 50 Cases
TLDR
Patients with multiple personality are usually women who present with depression, suicide attempts, repeated amnesic episodes, and a history of childhood trauma, particularly sexual abuse, which suggests that the etiology of multiple personality is strongly related to childhood trauma rather than to an underlying electrophysiological dysfunction.
Psychophysiologic phenomena in multiple personality and hypnosis.
  • B. Braun
  • Psychology
    The American journal of clinical hypnosis
  • 1983
TLDR
Examples from multiple personality cases are paralleled by citations of related phenomena from the hypnosis literature, and some possible unifying concepts for these parallels are discussed.
An update on multiple personality disorder.
  • R. Kluft
  • Psychology
    Hospital & community psychiatry
  • 1987
TLDR
The author reviews recent advances in the understanding of the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of multiple personality disorder and suggests that it is most parsimoniously understood as a chronic dissociative posttraumatic stress disorder.
Psychosexual disturbances in multiple personality: characteristics, etiology, and treatment.
TLDR
Patients with multiple personality appears to be an adaptive response to various traumata and enables the individual superficially to function sexually because sexual functioning is often dissociated and managed by an alternate personality.
A case of multiple personality.
TLDR
Like the unicorn and the centaur, multiple personality, despite vivid appearances in popularized books on psychology, is not commonly encountered in the full reality of life and some current tendencies suggest that this branch of medicine may not yet have emerged from its primordial and prerational phase.
The clinical phenomenology of multiple personality disorder: review of 100 recent cases.
TLDR
The existence of a clinical syndrome characterized by a core of depressive and dissociative symptoms and a childhood history of significant trauma, primarily child abuse is documents.
Multiple personality and related dissociative phenomena in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy.
TLDR
It is proposed that intensified, dystonic affects, characteristic of the interictal period in temporal lobe epilepsy, may predispose some individuals to dissociative reactions.
Multiple personality, seizure disorder, and the electroencephalogram.
TLDR
No changes in the EEG which could not be ascribed to the normal changes seen in transitions from various states of alertness were found, and the problems of differentiating multiple personality as a psychiatric entity in itself from those cases arising as a result of chronic partial or partial-complex epilepsy are discussed.
The psychophysiologic investigation of multiple personality disorder. A review.
  • F. Putnam
  • Psychology
    The Psychiatric clinics of North America
  • 1984
Multiple personality: psychoanalytic perspectives.
  • E. Berman
  • Psychology
    The International journal of psycho-analysis
  • 1981
TLDR
It is suggested that psychoanalysis needs and is able to deal with multiple personality, and several contributions are suggested as potential foundations: Freud's later thought on identification and on splitting; Fairbairn's work on object relations and ego splitting; Kernberg's writings on borderline personality organization; and Kohut's formulation of 'the vertical split'.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...