Psychopathology in great apes: Concepts, treatment options and possible homologies to human psychiatric disorders

  title={Psychopathology in great apes: Concepts, treatment options and possible homologies to human psychiatric disorders},
  author={Martin Br{\"u}ne and Ute Br{\"u}ne-Cohrs and William C. McGrew and Signe Preuschoft},
  journal={Neuroscience \& Biobehavioral Reviews},
Signs of Mood and Anxiety Disorders in Chimpanzees
Chimpanzees display behavioral clusters similar to PTSD and depression in their key diagnostic criteria, underscoring the importance of ethical considerations regarding the use of chimpanzees in experimentation and other captive settings.
Comparative Psychopathology: Connecting Comparative and Clinical Psychology
Present day psychologists apply what is known about maladaptive behavior and the factors that facilitate positive human behavior to improve the quality of life for non-human taxa living in captive settings to ameliorate aberrant behaviors.
This review aims to raise awareness among the veterinary community of the wealth of literature on NHP psychopathologies in human medicine and anthropology literature and calls for the necessity to include mental health assessments and professionally structured treatment approaches in NHP medicine.
Building an Inner Sanctuary: Complex PTSD in Chimpanzees
Analysis of case studies of chimpanzees in residence at a sanctuary concludes that a diagnosis of Complex PTSD in chimpanzees is consistent with descriptions of trauma-induced symptoms as described by the DSM-IV and human trauma research.
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Guidelines to Abnormal Behavior in Captive Nonhuman Primates.
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Psychological Distress in Chimpanzees Rescued From Laboratories
This analysis qualitatively analyzed symptoms of psychological distress in a sample of 253 chimpanzees rescued from biomedical research now residing at an accredited chimpanzee sanctuary and includes an illustrative case study of one rescued chimpanzee who engages in self-injurious behaviors and meets modified Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder.
A biocultural approach to psychiatric illnesses
Research agendas that are grounded in an appreciation of biocultural diversity as it relates to psychiatric illness represent key areas for truly interdisciplinary research that can result in culturally sensitive treatments and highlight possible biological variation affecting medical treatment.
Rehabilitation of research chimpanzees: Stress and coping after long-term isolation


The effects of neonatal stress on brain development: Implications for psychopathology
An overview of the corticotropin-releasing-factor (CRF) system and its role as a mediator in the development of the stress response, major depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder is presented.
Psychobiology of Early Social Attachment in Rhesus Monkeys Clinical Implications
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The long-standing effects of caregiver privation on behavior and emotionality are probably attributable to changes in multiple regulatory systems and cognitive-emotional integration rather than restricted effects on the activity of any specific set of neurochemical systems.
Toward an Integration of Interpersonal and Biological Processes: Evolutionary Psychiatry as an Empirically Testable Framework for Psychiatric Research
Empirical psychiatry is proposed as a meta-theory to integrate biological and interpersonal aspects of psychopathology to provide a functional classification which adds to the contemporary psychiatric nosology through analysis according to specific conflicts of adaptation, the pursuit of biosocial goals, and proximate specifiers such as genetic, developmental, and interpersonal causes of disorders.
Origins of Psychopathology: The Phylogenetic and Cultural Basis of Mental Illness
What are the origins of human psychopathology? Is mental illness a relatively recent phenomenon, or has it been with us throughout evolution? In Origins of Psychopathology, Horacio Fabrega Jr.
The concept of alternative strategies and its relevance to psychiatry and clinical psychology
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Theory of mind—evolution, ontogeny, brain mechanisms and psychopathology
Stereotypy in monkeys and humans
If stereotypy is regarded as a consequence of failure to use sensory input to direct behaviour, therapeutic regimes designed to stimulate responsive behaviours and social interactions are more likely to be effective in the long run than direct attempts to suppress stereotypy.
A preliminary investigation of the construct of psychopathic personality (psychopathy) in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes).
Findings suggest that the psychopathy construct may be relevant to chimpanzees, and further validation of the CPM is needed.
Temperament in nonhuman primates
Results from studies of primate temperament at the individual, population, and species level are reviewed and the possible relation of temperamental characteristics to social behavior and ecology in selected species are discussed.