Psychopathology associated with social withdrawal: Idiopathic and comorbid presentations

  title={Psychopathology associated with social withdrawal: Idiopathic and comorbid presentations},
  author={Alan Robert Teo and Kyle Stufflebam and Somnath Saha and Michael Derwin Fetters and Masaru Tateno and Shigenobu Kanba and Takahiro A. Kato},
  journal={Psychiatry Research},

Hikikomori: psychopathology and differential diagnosis of a condition with epidemic diffusion

Hikikomori is now considered a contemporary society-bound syndrome linked to modern society changes and could represent the clinical answer to a social evolution, similarly to other phenomena such as binge behaviours and use of psychoactive substances.

Hikikomori : Multidimensional understanding, assessment, and future international perspectives

This review introduces the history, definition, diagnostic evaluation, and interventions for hikikomori, and proposes therapeutic strategies, including family approaches and individualized therapies for an internationalized hikkomori.

Hikikomori: a COVID–19-járvány egy lehetséges mentálhigiénés következménye

Összefoglaló. A COVID–19-járvány kényszerű tartós szociális távolságtartást idézett elő az emberek között, ami az egyéb mentális rendellenességek és mentálhigiénés következmények mellett egy

Loneliness and Single-Person Households: Issues of Kodoku-Shi and Hikikomori in Japan

Traditionally, Japanese life used to be based on village communities and was a society that highly valued neighborhood relations, but in modern urban life, it is becoming increasingly dif fi cult to

Psychometric Properties of the Italian Version of the 25-Item Hikikomori Questionnaire

A serious form of social withdrawal, initially described within Japan as hikikomori, has received increasing attention from the international scientific community during the last decade. The 25-item

Parent training for dependent, yet abled, young adults.

The term Failure to launch (FTL) has been used to describe abled adults who do not work, do not attend school, and live with- and at the expense of-their parents. FTL can be beneficially addressed

Psychometric Properties of the Italian Version of the 25-Item Hikikomori Questionnaire for Adolescents

Hikikomori is a form of social withdrawal that is commonly described as having an onset during adolescence, a life stage when other psychiatric problems can also emerge. This study aimed to adapt the

Prototipi clinici di ritirati sociali. Un approccio in seconda persona alla diagnosi

Il lavoro che presentiamo è un tentativo di definire le caratteristiche di soggetti in età evolutiva, socialmente ritirati, in termini di stati mentali. Si caratterizza, altresì, per la metodologia

Risk factors of hikikomori among office workers during the COVID-19 pandemic: A prospective online survey

The global pandemic of COVID-19 has forced people to restrict their outings. In Japan, self-restraint behavior (SRB) has been requested by the government, and some of those decreasing their outings

Preliminary study of the social withdrawal (hikikomori) spectrum in French adolescents: focusing on the differences in pathology and related factors compared with Japanese adolescents

Background Social withdrawal (hikikomori) has become an internationally recognized phenomenon, but its pathology and related factors are not yet fully known. We previously conducted a statistical



The handbook of solitude: Psychological perspectives on social isolation, social withdrawal, and being alone.

Julie C. Bowker is an Associate Professor of Psychology at the University at Bu alo, State University of New York. Her research program focuses on the roles that close interpersonal relationships

Identification of the hikikomori syndrome of social withdrawal: Psychosocial features and treatment preferences in four countries

Hikikomori exists cross-nationally and can be assessed with a standardized assessment tool, and some may desire treatment, and has substantial psychosocial impairment and disability.

The prevalence and correlates of severe social withdrawal (hikikomori) in Hong Kong: A cross-sectional telephone-based survey study

The study finds that the prevalence of severe social withdrawal in Hong Kong is comparable to that in Japan and both groups with withdrawal behaviors for more or less than 6 months share similar characteristics and are related to other contemporary youth issues.

Hikikomori, a Japanese Culture-Bound Syndrome of Social Withdrawal?: A Proposal for DSM-5

  • A. TeoA. Gaw
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The Journal of nervous and mental disease
  • 2010
It is suggested hikikomori may be considered a culture-bound syndrome and merits further international research into whether it meets accepted criteria as a new psychiatric disorder.