Psychopathological effects of solitary confinement.

  title={Psychopathological effects of solitary confinement.},
  author={Stuart Grassian},
  journal={The American journal of psychiatry},
  volume={140 11},
  • S. Grassian
  • Published 1 November 1983
  • Psychology
  • The American journal of psychiatry
Psychopathological reactions to solitary confinement were extensively described by nineteenth-century German clinicians. In the United States there have been several legal challenges to the use of solitary confinement, based on allegations that it may have serious psychiatric consequences. The recent medical literature on this subject has been scarce. The author describes psychiatric symptoms that appeared in 14 inmates exposed to periods of increased social isolation and sensory restriction in… 

The Psychopathology of Space: A Phenomenological Critique of Solitary Confinement

Many prisoners in solitary confinement experience symptoms such as anxiety, paranoia, insomnia, headaches, hallucinations and other perceptual distortions. While psychiatric accounts of the effects

Conséquences psychopathologiques du confinement./ [Psychopathological consequences of confinement].

The psychological effects of isolation have already been described in the literature (polar expeditions, submarines, prison). Nevertheless, the scale of confinement implemented during the COVID-19

Psychiatric Effects of Solitary Confinement

My name is Dr. Stuart Grassian. I am a Board Certified Psychiatrist and have been on the faculty of the Harvard Medical School since 1974. I have very substantial experience in evaluating the

Conséquences psychopathologiques du confinement

Restricting the Use of Solitary Confinement

A robust scientific literature has established the negative psychological effects of solitary confinement. The empirical findings are supported by a theoretical framework that underscores the

The Psychiatric Aspects of Solitary Confinement

Abstract Mental health workers who work in correctional facilities frequently have to assess and treat clients in solitary confinement (SC). SC is used as a procedure in correctional facilities for a

Ganser syndrome after solitary confinement in prison: a short review and a case report.

Systematic investigation of 268 remand prisoners confirms the rarity of the Ganser syndrome, as only the case subject had this disorder.

Ganser syndrome after solitary confinement in prison: A short review and a case report

Systematic investigation of 268 remand prisoners confirms the rarity of the Ganser syndrome, as only the case subject had this disorder.

Subjects Without a World? An Husserlian Analysis of Solitary Confinement

Psychiatrist Stuart Grassian has proposed the term “SHU syndrome” to name the cluster of cognitive, perceptual and affective symptoms that commonly arise for inmates held in the Special Housing Units

4. Monosymptomatic Hypochondriacal Psychosis and Prolonged Solitary Confinement

A man previously imprisoned for 11 years developed unremitting and treatment-resistant monosymptomatic hypochondriacal psychosis following a period in excess of 12 months in solitary confinement. We



The violation of psychiatric standards of care in prisons.

  • E. Kaufman
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The American journal of psychiatry
  • 1980
Psychiatrists should guard against prescribing unnecessary medications, particularly minor tranquilizers and sedatives, and should be concerned with prison conditions conductive to mental illness, particularly overcrowding, abuses of solitary confinement, and inadequate programs for inmates who are mentally disturbed but not overtly psychotic.

Psychiatric Implications of Sensory Deprivation in a Maximum Security Prison *

Une societe captive a ete etudiee dans un milieu penal afin d'etablir les effets de l'isolement social a divers degres. Cette experience a ete faite sur la base d'un groupe-temoin, lors d'une perio...

Isolation: Clinical and experimental approaches.

Effect of solitary confinement on prisoners.

Man alone : sensory deprivation and behavior change

  • Can Psychiatr Assoc J
  • 1969