Psychometric intelligence and achievement : A cross-lagged panel analysis ☆

@inproceedings{Watkins2006PsychometricIA,
  title={Psychometric intelligence and achievement : A cross-lagged panel analysis ☆},
  author={Marley W Watkins and Pui-Wa Lei and Gary L Canivez},
  year={2006}
}
There has been considerable debate regarding the causal precedence of intelligence and academic achievement. Some researchers view intelligence and achievement as identical constructs. Others believe that the relationship between intelligence and achievement is reciprocal. Still others assert that intelligence is causally related to achievement. The present study addressed this debate with a cross-lagged panel analysis of WISC-III and achievement test scores of 289 students assessed for special… CONTINUE READING