Psychometric Properties of the Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ-40) in Adolescents

  title={Psychometric Properties of the Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ-40) in Adolescents},
  author={Titta Ruuttu and Mirjami Pelkonen and Matti Mikael Holi and Linn{\'e}a Karlsson and Olli Kiviruusu and Hannele Heil{\"a} and Virpi Tuisku and Annamari Tuulio-Henriksson and Mauri Marttunen},
  journal={The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease},
This study examined the psychometric properties of the Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ-40) in adolescents. Internal consistency, factor structure, and discriminant and concurrent validity of the DSQ-40 were studied in 211 adolescent psychiatric outpatients aged 13 to 19 years and 199 age-matched and sex-matched controls. Principal components analysis yielded four internally consistent components: mature, neurotic, image-distorting, and immature defense styles. The outpatients reported more… 

Psychometric evaluation of the short version of the Defense Style Questionnaire on Serbian healthy adult men

Evaluation of the short version of the DSQ-40 on a Serbian male middle-age non-clinical sample confirms intraclass highly significant coefficients of correlation and support the applicability of the Serbian version of DSZ-40.

Can the Factor Structure of Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ-40) Contribute to Our Understanding of Parental Acceptance/Rejection, Bullying, Victimization and Perceived Well-Being in Greek Early Adolescents?

The results indicate that the DSQ-40 is appropriate for use in late childhood, and it was found that defense mechanisms are related to perceived parental acceptance and rejection.

The Italian version of the Response Evaluation Measure-71.

Defense Style of Children and Adolescents: Differences and Ability to Discriminate Among Clinical Categories.

Assessing children's defense style together with their symptoms may result in better statistical discrimination among diagnostic categories, and this style contributes to discriminating among various disorder categories, beyond internalizing and externalizing symptoms.

Defense Mechanisms Reloaded in the Light of Impaired Personality Functioning: An Attempt of Clarification and Simplification Resulting in the DSQ-22-A for Adolescents

With the upcoming ICD-11, the diagnostic guidelines for personality disorders will change fundamentally to a dimensional severity concept, including the evaluation of several domains of personality

Personality and Defense Mechanisms in Late Adulthood

Results suggest that image-distortion defense may function to compensate resource loss and suggest that psychological well-being was related to lower levels of harm avoidance and higher levels of self-directedness.

Defense Mechanisms in Adolescence as Predictors of Adult Personality Disorders

Separate defenses of displacement, isolation, and reaction formation were independent predictors of adult PD diagnosis even after adjusting for PD diagnosis in adolescence.

A psychometric analysis of the Polish version of the Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ-40) in a nonclinical sample of young adults

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Adolescent Defense Style as Correlate of Problem Behavior.

Defensive style, as assessed by the REM-71, is a significant correlate of clinically elevated internalizing and externalizing problem behaviors in youth as in adults, and adds to the convergent validity of theREM-71.

A psychometric evaluation of the Defence Style Questionnaire-40 in a UK forensic patient population

Abstract Psychological defence mechanisms have been considered important personality processes in the onset, maintenance and recovery of mental disorders. More recently, their application to



The Defense Style Questionnaire: A Psychometric Examination

The aim of the study was to assess the psychometric properties of the shortened 36-item Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ) administered as a separate instrument. The DSQ, the Symptom Checklist-90, and

A psychometric evaluation of the Defense Style Questionnaire in methadone patients.

Results indicate that both DSQ versions are unidimensional, assessing only Immature defenses, and stress the importance of requiring and evaluating the psychometric integrity of an instrument before employing it in research.

Two approaches to the measurement of adaptive style: comparison of normal, psychosomatically ill, and delinquent adolescents.

  • H. SteinerS. Feldman
  • Psychology
    Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
  • 1995
Measurement of adaptive style by the Defense Style Questionnaire may be a useful adjunct to other measures of psychopathology and can assist in assessment of risk, treatment planning, and treatment progress.

The French Version of the Defense Style Questionnaire

The French version of DSQ is an easy and economical way to rate immature defense style in populations of ‘neurotic’ and borderline patients and further provides a hierarchical grouping of defense mechanisms in defense styles.

Defense Style in Personality Disorders: An Empirical Study

The personality disorder group scored significantly higher on the borderline defense style than did the other two groups and the other defense styles did not differentiate between the patient groups, but the mature and immature styles did distinguish between patients and healthy controls.

Comparing two self-report measures of coping--the Sense of Coherence Scale and the Defense Style Questionnaire.

Antonovsky's Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC) and Bond's Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ) were compared in a sample of 334 community controls and 122 psychiatric outpatients and the affinity of the two coping measures was evident: in multiple regression analysis defenses explained 68% of the variance in sense of coherence.

Defense style and adaptation in adolescents with depressions and eating disorders.

There was significant correlation between maturity of defense style and level of adaptation, with greater maturity ofDefense style being associated with higher levels of adaptive functioning and this effect was independent of diagnosis within this population.

Defense Styles, Personality Traits, and Psychopathological Symptoms in Nonclinical Adolescents

Investigation of relationships between defense styles, personality traits, and psychopathological symptoms in nonclinical youths showed that personality traits and defense styles both accounted for unique proportions of the variance in psychopathological Symptoms.

Gender, age, and cultural differences in the Defense Style Questionnaire-40.

A cross-cultural comparison was made between a sample of Canadian university students and an Australian sample of 388 subjects reported by Andrews, Singh, and Bond on the Defense Style Questionnaire-40.