Psychology of the scientist: An analysis of problem-solving bias

@article{Mahoney2005PsychologyOT,
  title={Psychology of the scientist: An analysis of problem-solving bias},
  author={Michael J. Mahoney and Bob G. DeMonbreun},
  journal={Cognitive Therapy and Research},
  year={2005},
  volume={1},
  pages={229-238}
}
The problem-solving skills of 30 Ph.D. scientists were compared to those of 15 conservative Protestant ministers. Of particular interest was the frequency with which these groups generated confirmatory (rather than disconfirmatory)experiments to test their hypotheses. Experimental results showed that—contrary to a popular assumption—the reasoning skills of the scientists were not significantly different from those of nonscientists. In this study, the ministers showed a longer latency to… 
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