Psychology and International Relations Theory

  title={Psychology and International Relations Theory},
  author={James M. Goldgeier and Philip E. Tetlock},
Organized around several major theoretical traditions in international relations, this essay suggests which literature in psychology should be of greatest interest to different kinds of international relations scholars. New work in cognitive social psychology and behavioral decision theory simultaneously expands on and qualifies earlier error-and-bias portraits of the foreign policy maker, thereby enriching our understanding of internal divisions within the realist camp. Work on bounded… 
Psychology and aggregation in International Relations
Theories of decision-making grounded in political psychology have experienced a dramatic rise in the study of International Relations. There is widespread recognition of the benefits of incorporating
The Micro-Foundations of International Relations Theory: Psychology and Behavioral Economics
  • J. Stein
  • Psychology
    International Organization
  • 2017
Abstract Almost forty years ago, a small group of scholars drew on cognitive psychology to explain anomalous patterns of behavior by leaders on issues of international security. Although it made
Political Psychology in International Relations: Beyond the Paradigms
Political psychology in international relations (IR) has undergone a dramatic transformation in the past two decades, mirroring the broader changes occurring in IR itself. This review examines the
Why Does Psychology Matter in International Relations?
Chapter 1 of The Psychology of Foreign Policy is more than a mere introduction to the book. The chapter starts by considering the alleged controversy between interpretive and positivist approaches
The Scholarship of Decision-Making: Do We Know How We Decide?
In American political science, macro-level theories of world politics remain the predominant focus of international relations scholarship, whether these works involve realist arguments about the
A Foreign Policy Analysis Perspective on the Domestic Politics Turn in IR Theory
Over the last 25 years, there has been a noteworthy turn across major International Relations (IR) theories to include domestic politics and decision-making factors. Neoclassical realism and variants
IR in the Middle East: foreign policy analysis in theoretical approaches
Research on international relations of the Middle East (IRME) has suffered from a schism between International Relations (IR) theory and regional particularities. To address this, scholars have
Rationality and Psychology in International Politics
  • J. Mercer
  • Psychology
    International Organization
  • 2005
The ubiquitous yet inaccurate belief in international relations scholarship that cognitive biases and emotion cause only mistakes distorts the field's understanding of the relationship between
The Behavioral Psychology of Elite Decision Making: Implications for Political Science I
This article examines the current state of knowledge about elite behavior and considers its implications for the field of political science ‐ notably the fields of comparative politics and
When Domestic Politics and International Relations Intermesh: Subordinated Publics' Factional Support Within Layered Power Structures
Using social dominance theory and structural balance theory to analyze the political and psychological perspectives of subordinated peoples, we argue that struggles between dominant and subordinated


Social Theory of International Politics
Drawing upon philosophy and social theory, Social Theory of International Politics develops a theory of the international system as a social construction. Alexander Wendt clarifies the central claims
The constructivist turn in international relations theory
In recent years, constructivist thinking about global politics has brought a breath of fresh air to international relations. By exploring questions of identity and interest, constructivist scholars
International Organization and the Study of World Politics
A distinct subfield of international relations, IPE, has emerged over the last thirty years, largely in the pages of International Organization. IPE began with the study of international political
Human Nature and World Politics: Cognition, Identity, and Influence
Many psychologists deem it self-evident that psychology can make fundamental contributions to our understanding of world politics. Many social scientists, however, argue that policymakers are tightly
International Norm Dynamics and Political Change
Norms have never been absent from the study of international politics, but the sweeping “ideational turn” in the 1980s and 1990s brought them back as a central theoretical concern in the field. Much
Beyond the enemy image and spiral model: cognitive–strategic research after the cold war
Systemic theories of international politics are inadequate for explaining particular states' policies, and some neorealists reach for supplementary foreign-policy-level concepts. Yet these studies
Perception and misperception in international politics
This study of perception and misperception in foreign policy was a landmark in the application of cognitive psychology to political decision making. The New York Times called it, in an article
Prospect Theory and International Relations: Theoretical Applications and Analytical Problems
In this essay I evaluate the potential contribution of prospect theory to our understanding of international relations. I begin with the implications of loss aversion, the endowment effect, risk
The Passion of World Politics: Propositions on Emotion and Emotional Relationships
Theories of international politics and security depend on assumptions about emotion that are rarely articulated and which may not be correct. Deterrence theory may be fundamentally oawed because its