Psychological sequelae of hate-crime victimization among lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults.

@article{Herek1999PsychologicalSO,
  title={Psychological sequelae of hate-crime victimization among lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults.},
  author={Gregory M. Herek and Jennifer Gillis and Jeanine C. Cogan},
  journal={Journal of consulting and clinical psychology},
  year={1999},
  volume={67 6},
  pages={
          945-51
        }
}
Questionnaire data about criminal victimization experiences were collected from 2,259 Sacramento-area lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals (N = 1,170 women, 1,089 men). Approximately 1/5 of the women and 1/4 of the men had experienced victimization because of their adult sexual orientation. Hate crimes were less likely than nonbias crimes to have been reported to police. Compared with other recent crime victims, lesbian and gay hate-crime survivors manifested significantly more symptoms of… 

Tables from this paper

Hate Crimes and Stigma-Related Experiences Among Sexual Minority Adults in the United States
  • G. Herek
  • Psychology
    Journal of interpersonal violence
  • 2009
TLDR
Prevalence estimates of criminal victimization and related experiences based on the target's sexual orientation are reported and gay men were significantly more likely than lesbians or bisexuals to experience violence and property crimes.
Frequency, Nature, and Correlates of Hate Crime Victimization Experiences in an Urban Sample of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Community Members
TLDR
Drawing on existing frameworks for sexual minority specific (SMS) stress, internalized SMS stress as a mediator of the association between hate crime victimization and mental health symptoms and theoretical and practical implications of SMS stress findings are examined.
Experiences of harassment, discrimination, and physical violence among young gay and bisexual men.
TLDR
Absent policies preventing anti-gay mistreatment, empowerment and community-building programs are needed for young gay/bisexual men to both create safe social settings and help them cope with the psychological effects of these events.
Lesbian and Bisexual Women's Experiences of Victimization: Mental Health, Revictimization, and Sexual Identity Development
TLDR
Participants who were victimized in childhood were four times more likely to experience the same type of victimization (sexual or physical) as an adult and about twice as likely to experienced the other type of Victimization in adulthood.
The impact of hate crime trauma on gay and lesbian interpersonal relationships
Homophobic hate crimes against lesbians and gay men represent a significant social problem that has important psychological consequences for survivors. Because the nature of these crimes is, by
The role of social and professional support seeking in trauma recovery: lesbian, gay and bisexual experiences of crime and fears for safety
Lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) people are often victims of crime, hate crime or regularly fear for personal safety. Although very few LGB people report assaults or injury to law enforcement, many
Psychological Distress, Crime Features, and Help-Seeking Behaviors Related to Homophobic Bias Incidents
Psychological distress, crime features, and help-seeking behaviors of homophobic bias incidents were explored using a convenience sample of 290 lesbian, gay, and bisexual participants. A majority of
Victim Experiences in Hate Crimes Based on Sexual Orientation
Using interview data from a convenience sample of 450 lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults, the varieties of victim experiences in hate crimes based on sexual orientation are described. Most crimes were
Psychological Perspectives on Hate Crime Laws.
Hate crimes are those in which the victim is selected because of his or her actual or perceived race, color, religion, disability, sexual orientation, or national origin. Hate crime laws have
On hate crime victimization: Rates, types, and links with suicide risk among sexual orientation minority special interest group members
  • R. CramerSusan Wright H. Wechsler
  • Psychology
    Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation
  • 2018
TLDR
The rates and types of hate crime victimization among sexual orientation minority adults are investigated and implications for trauma-informed mental healthcare, mental health amplification risk model, and hate crime and suicide prevention policies are discussed.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 34 REFERENCES
Hate Crime Victimization Among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Adults
Although violence based on sexual orientation is now widely recognized as a serious problem in the United States, social science data concerning the prevalence and consequences of such crimes are
Violence and Victimization of Lesbians and Gay Men
This article describes some of the major psychosocial challenges faced by lesbian and gay male survivors of hate crimes, their significant others, and the gay community as a whole. When an individual
The impact of hate violence on victims: emotional and behavioral responses to attacks.
TLDR
The nature of hate attacks and victims' responses to them were explored and the responses of hate violence victims were similar to those of victims of other types of personal crime.
The prevalence of victimization and its effect on mental well-being among lesbian and gay people.
TLDR
Results indicate that victimization has a significant positive effect on depression for both lesbians and gay men when controlling for other variables, and self-esteem was found to be the strongest predictor of depression for the entire sample.
Hate crimes against lesbians and gay men. Issues for research and policy.
  • G. Herek
  • Law
    The American psychologist
  • 1989
TLDR
Assaults may have increased in frequency during the last few years, with many incidents now including spoken references to the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome by the assailants.
The psychological experience of crime : a test of the mediating role of beliefs in explaining the distress of victims
Causal modeling procedures were used to test current theories that emphasize the mediating role of beliefs in explaining the emotional reactions of crime victims. The sample was composed of
The impact of victimization on the mental health and suicidality of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths.
Lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths 15 to 21 years old were studied to determine the impact of verbal abuse, threat of attacks, and assault on their mental health, including suicide. Family support and
Anti-Gay Violence and Victimization in the United States
This article provides a general description of the nature and scope of violence and harassment against lesbians and gay men in the United States. It summarizes the results of local, state, and
Identity and Community Among Gay and Bisexual Men in the AIDS Era: Preliminary Findings From The Sacramento Men’s Health Study
This chapter describes preliminary results from an ongoing study of the linkages between gay and bisexual men’s sense of identity and community and their HIV-related risk behavior and psychological
...
...