Psychological resilience, positive emotions, and successful adaptation to stress in later life.

@article{Ong2006PsychologicalRP,
  title={Psychological resilience, positive emotions, and successful adaptation to stress in later life.},
  author={Anthony D. Ong and C. S. Bergeman and Toni L. Bisconti and Kimberly Wallace},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={2006},
  volume={91 4},
  pages={
          730-49
        }
}
In 3 studies, the authors investigated the functional role of psychological resilience and positive emotions in the stress process. Studies 1a and 1b explored naturally occurring daily stressors. Study 2 examined data from a sample of recently bereaved widows. Across studies, multilevel random coefficient modeling analyses revealed that the occurrence of daily positive emotions serves to moderate stress reactivity and mediate stress recovery. Findings also indicated that differences in… Expand
Resilience and positive emotions: examining the role of emotional memories.
TLDR
It is proposed that emotional memories play an important role in the self-generation of positive emotions and a measure of emotional memories networks (EMN) had a predictive value for broad emotion regulation constructs and outcomes. Expand
Psychological resilience predicts decreases in pain catastrophizing through positive emotions.
TLDR
Multilevel modeling analyses indicated that independent of level of neuroticism, negative emotions, pain intensity, income, and age, high-resilient individuals reported greater positive emotions and exhibited lower day-to-day pain catastrophizing compared with low-resILient individuals. Expand
A Longitudinal Analysis of Positive Psychological Constructs and Emotions on Stress, Anxiety, and Well-Being
Two studies were conducted including one involving a longitudinal research design to understand better the influential role of the positive psychological capacities of hope, efficacy, optimism,Expand
Resilience and Psychobiological Response to Stress in Older People: The Mediating Role of Coping Strategies
TLDR
It is suggested that resilience is associated with active coping strategies, which in turn could explain, at least in part, individual differences in the cortisol response to a psychosocial laboratory stressor. Expand
Psychological and Social Factors that Promote Positive Adaptation to Stress and Adversity in the Adult Life Cycle
The phenomenon of resilience reflects positive adaptation despite contexts of risk, significant adversity, or trauma (Masten and Powell 2003; Luthar 2006). The purpose of this investigation was toExpand
Psychological vulnerability to daily stressors in old age
TLDR
Results from the own research support the hypothesis that with increasing age the resilience for longer periods of stress and accumulated stress should increase, where older adults reacted to multiple stressors in a more adaptive way than younger adults. Expand
Psychological Resilience, Mental Health, and Inhibitory Control Among Youth and Young Adults Under Stress
TLDR
The results clarify the link between IC, resilience, and mental health in real-life stressful situations, showing separate mechanisms of IC involved in resilience on the one hand, andmental health on the other hand. Expand
A longitudinal study about the predictors of positive emotions : resilience, acceptance, and psychological well-being
Introduction: In recent years the scientific interest in positive emotions grew and became more relevant in theory and practice. In order to contribute to the enhancement of experiencing positiveExpand
Daily emotional stress reactivity in emerging adulthood: temporal stability and its predictors
TLDR
Findings suggest a relatively high degree of rank-order and mean-level stability in stress-reactivity across the four years, and within-person changes in neuroticism and overall stress predicted concurrent shifts in stress -reactivity. Expand
The role of resilience in the relationship between stressful life events and health in a Romanian sample
This study aims to identify the moderator role of resilience in the relationship between exposure to stressful life events and health state. The study included 238 participants from the generalExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 162 REFERENCES
The role of daily positive emotions during conjugal bereavement.
TLDR
Intraindividual analyses revealed significant reductions in the magnitude of the stress-depression correlation on days in which greater positive emotions were present, and suggested that different vulnerability and resilience factors are implicated in the emotion differentiation process. Expand
Resilient individuals use positive emotions to bounce back from negative emotional experiences.
TLDR
Mediational analyses revealed that the experience of positive emotions contributed, in part, to participants' abilities to achieve efficient emotion regulation, demonstrated by accelerated cardiovascular recovery from negative emotional arousal and by finding positive meaning in negative circumstances. Expand
Psychological resilience and positive emotional granularity: examining the benefits of positive emotions on coping and health.
TLDR
It is argued that the health benefits advanced by positive emotions may be instantiated in certain traits that are characterized by the experience of positive emotion, including psychological resilience and positive emotional granularity. Expand
Stress, Positive Emotion, and Coping
There is growing interest in positive aspects of the stress process, including positive outcomes of stress and antecedents that dispose individuals to appraise stressful situations more as aExpand
Stress and aging: theoretical and empirical challenges for interdisciplinary research
TLDR
Findings from the Berlin Aging Study (BASE), a longitudinal study of men and women aged 70-100, are used to illustrate stress-related phenomena observed at the behavioral level in very old age. Expand
The role of stressful events in the relationship between positive and negative affects: evidence from field and experimental studies.
TLDR
Three studies are presented that examine the effects of stress on the relationship between positive and negative affective states and alternative explanations for these effects and the implications for cognitive interventions are discussed. Expand
Coping and physical health during caregiving: the roles of positive and negative affect.
TLDR
Analyzing associations among coping, mood, and health variables suggested that including both positive and negative mood and the men's associated coping strategies increases understanding of why some people suffer adverse health effects during times of stress. Expand
The complexity of emotions in later life.
  • A. Ong, C. Bergeman
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences
  • 2004
TLDR
Results suggest that different vulnerability and resilience factors are implicated in the intraindividual experience of positive and negative emotions. Expand
Positive psychological states and coping with severe stress.
  • S. Folkman
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Social science & medicine
  • 1997
TLDR
Coping processes that are associated with positive psychologicalStates in the context of intense distress are described and the theoretical implications of positive psychological states in the coping process are discussed. Expand
Prospective patterns of resilience and maladjustment during widowhood.
TLDR
Results suggest that chronic grief stems from the upheaval surrounding the loss of a healthy spouse, whereas chronic depression results from more enduring emotional difficulties that are exacerbated by the loss. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...