Psychological hardiness: state of the science.

@article{Lambert1999PsychologicalHS,
  title={Psychological hardiness: state of the science.},
  author={Clinton E. Lambert and Vickie Ann Lambert},
  journal={Holistic nursing practice},
  year={1999},
  volume={13 3},
  pages={
          11-9
        }
}
Over the past 20 years there has been increasing interest in the concept, psychological hardiness. Hardiness is defined as a constellation of attitudes, beliefs, and behavioral tendencies that consist of three components: commitment, control, and challenge. The article presents a review and assessment of more than 50 journal publications on hardiness that have appeared since 1987. A presentation of the conceptualization of hardiness and the state of the science of hardiness is presented… CONTINUE READING
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