Psychological distress is linked to gastrointestinal symptoms in diabetes mellitus

@article{Talley2001PsychologicalDI,
  title={Psychological distress is linked to gastrointestinal symptoms in diabetes mellitus},
  author={Nicholas J Talley and Peter Bytzer and Johann Hammer and Lisa Johnson Young and Michael P. Jones and Michael Horowitz},
  journal={American Journal of Gastroenterology},
  year={2001},
  volume={96},
  pages={1033-1038}
}
OBJECTIVE:Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are common in patients with long-standing diabetes mellitus, but the pathogenesis is controversial. We aimed to determine if GI symptoms are linked to psychological distress in diabetes.METHODS:A consecutive sample of outpatients with diabetes mellitus (n = 209) and a random sample of community diabetics (n = 892) completed a validated questionnaire measuring GI symptoms, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) Scale for anxiety and depression, and the… CONTINUE READING

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