Psychological characteristics of BDSM practitioners.

@article{Wismeijer2013PsychologicalCO,
  title={Psychological characteristics of BDSM practitioners.},
  author={Andreas A. J. Wismeijer and Marcel A. L. M. van Assen},
  journal={The journal of sexual medicine},
  year={2013},
  volume={10 8},
  pages={
          1943-52
        }
}
INTRODUCTION It has been generally thought that the practice of bondage-discipline, dominance-submission, sadism-masochism (BDSM) is in some form associated with psychopathology. However, several more recent studies suggest a relative good psychological health of BDSM practitioners. AIM The aim of this study was to compare scores of BDSM practitioners and a control group on various fundamental psychological characteristics. METHODS For this aim, 902 BDSM and 434 control participants… 
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Introduction BDSM is a prevalent type of sexual expression that refers to Bondage and Discipline (BD), Dominance and Submission (DS), and Sadism and Masochism (SM). It has been speculated that a
An Examination of Empathy and Interpersonal Dominance in BDSM Practitioners.
TLDR
Findings suggest that there are no differences in empathy between BDSM practitioner roles, and although there are differences in interpersonal dominance, these characteristics are not likely to be prominent in individuals' everyday interactions.
A Systematic Scoping Review of the Prevalence, Etiological, Psychological, and Interpersonal Factors Associated with BDSM
TLDR
Research supports BDSM being used as a broadening of sexual interests and behaviors instead of a fixation on a specific interest, and shows little support for psychopathologic or psychoanalytic models.
An examination of personality characteristics associated with BDSM orientations
Previous research on BDSM (bondage-discipline, domination-submission, sadomasochism) tends to treat practitioners as a homogenous group and lumps dominants (desire to take control) and submissives
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TLDR
A dimensional approach while integrating the factors driving the onset and evolution of BDSM interests is offered, to bring together all the existing scientific literature on BDSM from a biopsychosocial perspective.
Consenting to constraint: BDSM therapy after the DSM-5
Abstract Objective BDSM is a overlapping acronym that refers to the practices of bondage and discipline, dominance and submission, sadism and masochism. The American Psychiatric Association
Is Bondage and Discipline, Dominance and Submission, and Sadomasochism Recreational Leisure? A Descriptive Exploratory Investigation.
TLDR
A leisure science perspective could be valuable to researchers and clinicians in reinterpreting the wide range of diverse BDSM motivations and practices and to determine whether BDSM experience fits established characteristics of recreational leisure.
Sexual satisfaction and distress in sexual functioning in a sample of the BDSM community: a comparison study between BDSM and non-BDSM contexts.
TLDR
The findings suggest that BDSM sexual activity should be addressed in clinical settings that account for BDSM identities, practices, relationships, preferences, sexual satisfaction, and distress in sexual function for men and women.
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