Psychological Trauma Among American Indian Families: A Two-Generation Study

  title={Psychological Trauma Among American Indian Families: A Two-Generation Study},
  author={Laurelle L Myhra and Elizabeth Wieling},
  journal={Journal of Loss and Trauma},
  pages={289 - 313}
The findings presented in this article come from a two-generation study exploring the psychological impact of trauma among American Indian/Alaskan Native (AI/AN) families and its perceived relationship to substance abuse across generations. Psychological traumas and stressors found to be pervasive across generations included physical and sexual abuse as well as persistent discrimination and racism, such as fear of having children removed from the home. A noteworthy finding was a decrease in… 
Intergenerational Patterns of Substance Abuse Among Urban American Indian Families
Findings from a two generation study on substance abuse among nine AI families found five common themes shared by the parent and adult child groups included early onset of substance abuse, minimization of substance Abuse, taking accountability for substance abuse (and a subtheme about perpetuated stereotypes), turning point moments in use, and perceptions of the abstinence only approach.
Substance Use in American Indian Family Relationships: Linking Past, Present, and Future
American Indian (AI) families contend with greater health disparities than other minority groups, which is connected to present-day stressors and historical factors. Interviews conducted across
A Systematic Review of Trauma and Substance Use in American Indian and Alaska Native Individuals: Incorporating Cultural Considerations
Disproportionate rates of psychiatric disorders, like substance use and posttraumatic stress disorders (SUD and PTSD), exist among American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) individuals. This review
Understanding the Link Between Racial Trauma and Substance Use Among American Indians
Interventions for AIs with substance use disorders, and possibly other chronic health problems, may be more effective if they address social determinants of health such as racial discrimination and historical trauma.
The Behavioral Health of American Indian/Alaska Native Populations: Risk and Resiliency
This chapter provides the epidemiology of behavioral disorders in American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations, including mental disorders, alcohol/drug disorders, disabilities, and co-occurring
Talking Circle for Young Adults (TC4YA) Intervention: A Culturally Safe Research Exemplar.
BACKGROUND : As a result of the intergenerational trauma impact and experience, Native Americans continue to exhibit trauma related issues such as high rates of substance use. After leaving high
Psychometric examination of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale with older American Indians: The Native Elder Care Study.
  • M. Schure, R. Goins
  • Psychology, Medicine
    American Indian and Alaska native mental health research
  • 2017
The findings demonstrate excellent internal reliability and concurrent validity of the full and abbreviated CES-D scales in the study sample.
Culturally Safe, Strengths-Based Parenting Programs Supporting Indigenous Families Impacted by Substance Use—a Scoping Review
Promoting wellness is a holistic approach to address substance use and strengthen parenting among Indigenous families. The purpose of this scoping study was to review the research literature on
The Development of the Secondary Trauma in Student Affairs Professionals Scale (STSAP)
College student affairs professionals increasingly act as first responders to student crises. This article describes the development and validation of an instrument designed to measure symptoms of
“You Can Get Away with Anything Here… No Justice at All”— Sexual Violence Against U.S. Indigenous Females and Its Consequences
Sexual violence against Indigenous women has long been used as a tool of colonial violence and conquest. As a contemporary form of historical oppression that may drive associated health and mental


Examining Two Facets of American Indian Identity: Exposure to Other Cultures and the Influence of Historical Trauma
SUMMARY Specialized content about factors that influence the cultural identity of Native people must be included within the social work knowledge base to increase practitioners' effectiveness with
Disorders of extreme stress: The empirical foundation of a complex adaptation to trauma.
Children and adults exposed to chronic interpersonal trauma consistently demonstrate psychological disturbances that are not captured in the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis, and these data invite further exploration of what constitutes effective treatment of the full spectrum of posttraumatic psychopathology.
Healing the Soul Wound : Counseling with American Indians and Other Native Peoples
This groundbreaking volume provides invaluable concepts and strategies that can be applied directly to practice; outlines very different ways of serving American Indian clients, translating Western metaphor into indigenous ideas that make sense to Native People.
The Historical Trauma Response Among Natives and Its Relationship with Substance Abuse: A Lakota Illustration
Abstract Historical trauma (HT) is cumulative emotional and psychological wounding over the lifespan and across generations, emanating from massive group trauma experiences; the historical trauma
Effects of war trauma on Cambodian refugee adolescents' functional health and mental health status.
The high levels of emotional distress in this population of Cambodian adolescents and corresponding dose-effect relationships reveal the important negative psychosocial impact of violence on Cambodian teenagers.
Complex PTSD: A syndrome in survivors of prolonged and repeated trauma.
This paper reviews the evidence for the existence of a complex form of post-traumatic disorder in survivors of prolonged, repeated trauma. This syndrome is currently under consideration for inclusion
Meta-analysis of risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder in trauma-exposed adults.
The effect size of all the risk factors was modest, but factors operating during or after the trauma, such as trauma severity, lack of social support, and additional life stress, had somewhat stronger effects than pretrauma factors.
Transmission of Holocaust Trauma - An Integrative View
An integrative view is suggested that attempts to define the possible influence of biological predisposition, individual developmental history, family system and social situation on transgenerational influence of Holocaust trauma.
Psychological trauma and evidence for enhanced vulnerability for posttraumatic stress disorder through previous trauma among West Nile refugees
There is a clear dose-effect relationship between traumatic exposure and PTSD in the studied populations with high levels of traumatic events, and it is probable that any individual could develop PTSD regardless of other risk-factors once the trauma load reaches a certain threshold.