Psychological Stress and Neuroendocrine Function in Humans: The Last Two Decades of Research

@article{Biondi1999PsychologicalSA,
  title={Psychological Stress and Neuroendocrine Function in Humans: The Last Two Decades of Research},
  author={Massimo Biondi and Angelo Picardi},
  journal={Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics},
  year={1999},
  volume={68},
  pages={114 - 150}
}
This paper reviews experimental contributions published in the last two decades and exploring the effect of emotional stress on neuroendocrine function in healthy humans. Laboratory studies allow standardization of the stressor and better control for known confounding factors. Commonly used stressors are mental arithmetics, speech tasks, the Stroop test, videogame playing, films or videotapes and interviews. Little is known about the generalizability of laboratory results, with some studies… Expand
Neuroendocrine stress responses to an oral academic examination: No strong influence of sex, repeated participation and personality traits
TLDR
The findings indicate the neuroendocrine stress responses to laboratory stressors and to heralded real life stressors as well as the modulatory variables involved differ from each other. Expand
High and low emotion events influence emotional stress perceptions and are associated with salivary cortisol response changes in a consecutive stress paradigm
  • V. Nejtek
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Psychoneuroendocrinology
  • 2002
TLDR
This is the first study to identify two distinct patterns of cortisol release that were significantly reversed in response to high and low emotion events presented in a consecutive stress paradigm that were associated with perceptions of emotional stress. Expand
Neuroendocrine and psychometric evaluation of a placebo version of the ‘Trier Social Stress Test’
TLDR
A placebo version of the Trier Social Stress Test is introduced, which contains a free speech and a simple mental arithmetic task without uncontrollability and social-evaluative threat, and is suggested that the introduced placebo protocol for the TSST is a promising tool for future psychobiological research. Expand
Perfectionism and the Cortisol Response to Psychosocial Stress in Men
TLDR
The typical cognitions, and presumably the associated emotions, of perfectionists seem to contribute independently to stress-induced bodily responses, including HPA axis activation, in response to psychosocial stress. Expand
Cognitive modulation of the endocrine stress response to a pharmacological challenge in normal and panic disorder subjects.
TLDR
Cognitive/emotional manipulation can substantially modulate HPA axis responses to pharmacological activation in humans, and HPA disturbances in panic disorder may be secondary to manipulable cognitive/em emotional sensitivities. Expand
Intra-individual psychological and physiological responses to acute laboratory stressors of different intensity
TLDR
These findings suggest that different stress protocols differentially stimulate various aspects of the stress response, whereas Physically demanding stress protocols such as the Ergometer test appear to be particularly suitable for evoking autonomic stress responses, whereas uncontrollable and social-evaluative threatening stressors are most likely to elicit HPA axis stress responses. Expand
Suppressing the endocrine and autonomic stress systems does not impact the emotional stress experience after psychosocial stress
TLDR
The findings suggest that at least acutely, the physiological stress arousal systems and the emotional experience of stress are dissociated, which raises important questions about the efficacy of the measurement of subjective stress, and the unique contributions of the autonomic and endocrine responses in the subjective stress experience. Expand
Increased HPA axis response to psychosocial stress in remitted depression: the influence of coping style
The aim of the study was to examine the modulating effects of coping style on the response to psychosocial stress in remitted major depression (MD) and healthy controls. Thirty-three participantsExpand
HPA axis responses to psychological challenge linking stress and disease: What do we know on sources of intra- and interindividual variability?
TLDR
The present review updates the current knowledge on moderating and intervening factors as sources of intra- und inter-individual variability in human cortisol stress responses and offers recommendations for future research designs. Expand
Psychological and stress hormone correlates in early life: A key to HPA-axis dysregulation and normalisation
TLDR
This review attempts to assess the relevance of psychological and stress hormone correlates to disease resistance and health, through an examination of such correlates on the experience and outcomes of stress during childhood. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 233 REFERENCES
Psychological predictors of neuroendocrine responses to mental stress.
TLDR
It is confirmed that the sympathetic adreno-medullary system is sensitive to mental stressors and that certain psychosocial and personality factors appear to have strong predictive values with regard to stressor-induced neurophysiological reactions. Expand
Cortisol response to various stressful situations: relationship to personality variables and coping styles.
TLDR
Preliminary findings suggest that nonpsychological factors should be considered more seriously as determinants of interindividual differences in neuroendocrine stress responses in healthy subjects as well as in psychiatric patients. Expand
Personality, endocrine and immune changes after eight months in healthy individuals under normal daily stress.
TLDR
Some personality and endocrine measures correlate with immune function, and a positive correlation was found between prolactin and T4 lymphocyte percentage. Expand
Interindividual differences in the susceptibility of the cortisol system: An important factor for the degree of hypercortisolism in stress situations?
TLDR
Although the data showed a tendency toward an augmented dispersion of the response frequencies in comparison with random variation, the limited sample size of subjects and stress tests did not allow a statistically significant proof of a stimulus-independent, individual response specificity. Expand
Biological basis of the stress response.
  • J. Henry
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Integrative physiological and behavioral science : the official journal of the Pavlovian Society
  • 1992
TLDR
Although Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome presupposed the same response to a variety of stimuli; recent work shows that specific perceptions of control result in different patterns of neuroendocrine activation. Expand
CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES OF STRESS AND THE ENDOGENOUS OPIOID SYSTEM
TLDR
To assess the role of the endogenous opioid system in the human response to stress, the effects of the administration of amphetamines and of surgical stress on plasma 8-endorphin immunoreactivity are evaluated. Expand
Psychological Correlates of Growth Hormone Response to Stress
&NA; A stressful interview was conducted in 52 older people to determine whether a stress provoked change in growth hormone (GH) is correlated with anxiety and “defensiveness.” The interview wasExpand
Stress and age effects on catecholamines in normal subjects.
TLDR
The significance of decreased responsivity of the sympatho-adrenomedullary system to stressful situations in young women is discussed with reference to their low incidence of coronary artery disease. Expand
Effectiveness of defenses: a significant predictor of cortisol excretion under stress.
  • R. Vickers
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of psychosomatic research
  • 1988
TLDR
Findings indicate that ineffective defenses are associated with higher cortisol excretion and establish ED as a topic worthy of study in connection with psychosocial stress. Expand
Preliminary evidence for reduced cortisol responsivity to psychological stress in women using oral contraceptive medication
TLDR
It is concluded that the use of OC may interfere with the adrenocortical response to psychological stress and should therefore be viewed as an important intervening variable. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...