Psychological State and Mood Effects of Steroidal Chemosignals in Women and Men

@article{Jacob2000PsychologicalSA,
  title={Psychological State and Mood Effects of Steroidal Chemosignals in Women and Men},
  author={S Jacob and Martha K. McClintock},
  journal={Hormones and Behavior},
  year={2000},
  volume={37},
  pages={57-78}
}
We tested the hypothesis that isolated steroids, claimed to act like pheromones, affect human psychological state or mood. In the first experiment, we established that two steroids, Delta4, 16-androstadien-3-one and 1,3,5(10)16-estratetraen-3-ol, modulated emotional states within 6 min of exposure. In men and women, neither steroid had specific effects on states of alertness or negative-confused mood. However, both steroids increased positive stimulated mood state in women but decreased it in… Expand
Context-dependent effects of steroid chemosignals on human physiology and mood
We examined the physiological and psychological effects of nanomolar amounts of steroids applied directly under the nose (Delta4,16-androstadien-3-one and 1,3,5,(10),16-estratetraen-3-ol). TheseExpand
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The authors argue that AND's opposite effects on physiology in men and women further implicate this compound in chemical communication between humans. Expand
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Androstadienone's effects on psychological state were unique in comparison with those of androstenol and with muscone, providing additional evidence that androstADienone may be a pheromone. Expand
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TLDR
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