Psychological Morbidity of Farmers and Non-farming Population: Results from a UK Survey

  title={Psychological Morbidity of Farmers and Non-farming Population: Results from a UK Survey},
  author={Barry Hounsome and Rhiannon Tudor Edwards and Natalia Hounsome and Gareth Edwards‐Jones},
  journal={Community Mental Health Journal},
The relatively high rate of suicide among UK farmers suggests that they may suffer greater mental health problems than the general population. This paper provides a comparison of the psychological morbidity of farmers and their partners/spouses with non-farmers. The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) was administered using face-to-face interviews with 784 attendees of agricultural shows in the UK. Results show that GHQ-12 scores for farmers and their partners/spouses were significantly… 
Health Issues and Mental Distress in French Active Farmers: A Quantitative and Qualitative Study
Factor analysis of mixed data showed that single farmers exhibiting social deprivation, who had inherited their farm, tended to be affected by psychological distress, and the consideration of mental distress in this identified population proves to be challenging issues that may help prevent suicide in farmers.
Effect of subjective economic status on psychological distress among farmers and non-farmers of rural China.
The farmers had a comparable prevalence of psychological distress when compared with non-farmers in rural China, and subjective economic status exerted a significant effect on the psychological distress of rural employed people, and this effect was stronger for the farmers than for the non-Farmers.
Does Farming Have an Effect on Health Status? A Comparison Study in West Greece
Lower prevalence of hypertension and better performances on MMSE and MADRS tests were recorded in young farmers in relation to young non-farmers, while these findings were reversed in older ages.
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In most countries, agriculture is recognized as one of the most hazardous industries. Investigating the health status of agricultural workers is a challenging goal. The aim of this study was to
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The paper concludes by recommending more research into farmers' 'pathway' to suicide, and highlights the need for a dedicated and multi-disciplinary programme of methods research that will afford a more culturally appropriate and effective means of understanding mental health in the farming community.
Psychological and Physical Health of Organic and Conventional Farmers: A Review
Farmers’ health compared to the general population has been the object of some studies and reviews. Among all factors implied in psychological and physical health, the farming system (i.e., organic
Gender Differences in Depressive Symptoms and Work Environment Factors among Dairy Farmers in Japan
Females were more likely to be depressed, and young and middle-aged women appeared to be at risk of depression, and a demanding work environment was related to depression.
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Of seven presented stress domains, personal finances and time pressures were the sources of greatest concern and the burden of depression and anxiety is high among young adult farmers and ranchers.
Farm-Related Concerns and Mental Health Status Among Norwegian Farmers
Norwegian farmers have a relatively high workload both in farming and in off-farm work but are able to make sustainable plans for their individual workload needs, but the high individual workload poses a challenge, but was not associated with a greater probability for a high symptom load of mental complaints.
Risk Factors for Farmers' Suicides in Central Rural India: Matched Case–control Psychological Autopsy Study
Economic problems, psychiatric illness, and stressful life events were found to be important contributors to farmers' suicides and can be targets of prevention policy.


Mental health of British farmers
It is shown it is possible to measure mental health systematically in a sample of British farmers, and the relation between depression and suicidal ideation seems to be quite different among farmers and the general population and warrants further investigation.
Understanding suicide in Australian farmers
No support is found for the proposition that farmers experience higher rates of mental health problems than do non-farmer rural residents, but potentially important personality differences are identified between farmers and non-farmers, and a strong association between maleness and farming was found.
Psychological impact of foot-and-mouth disease on farmers
The psychological impact of the foot-and-mouth disease outbreak on farmers is investigated by comparing a badly affected area (Cumbria) with an unaffected area (Scottish Highlands), using the General Health Questionnaire, although high levels of psychological morbidity were obtained in both samples.
Farming and Mental Health Problems and Mental Illness
Conclusive data do not exist to indicate whether farmers and farming families experience higher rates of mental health problems compared with the non-farming community, but it is clear that farming is associated with a unique set of characteristics that is potentially hazardous to mental health.
Suicide in farmers in Scotland.
Deaths were substantially more likely to involve firearms than suicide and undetermined deaths in the general male population in Scotland from 1981-1999, indicating that method availability is likely to contribute to farming suicide rates.
A Qualitative Analysis of Suicide Ideation among Manitoban Farmers.
Canadian studies examining suicide among rural and farm populations remain scarce. To better understand this phenomenon, a qualitative research paradigm was used to analyze encounter forms of 29
Quantifying stressors among Iowa farmers.
The results indicate that farm stressors can be quantified using the proportionate scaling method and that the impact of the stressor is based not just on the event but is also dependent on the characteristics of the farmer (e.g., age, gender, marital status, etc.).
Service network analysis for agricultural mental health
Aligning with agricultural agencies is important to build effective mental health service pathways to address the needs of farming populations and with interventions such as local mental health training and joint service planning to promote network development the authors would expect to see over time an increase in the mean number of links, the frequency in which these links are used and the rated effectiveness of these links.
Farmers' suicide in India: implications for public mental health.
  • Anindya Das
  • Medicine
    The International journal of social psychiatry
  • 2011
The agrarian crisis in India has been largely debated as the major reason for the current state of farmers, and it is important that (psychiatric) epidemiology and public mental health try to evolve mechanisms to understand and implement measures, and take this into consideration when attempting health promotion and prevention.