Psychological Essentialism Predicts Intergroup Bias

  title={Psychological Essentialism Predicts Intergroup Bias},
  author={Jacqueline M. Chen and Kate A. Ratliff},
  journal={Social Cognition},

Implicit Bias as Automatic Behavior

Researchers interested in implicit bias agree that no one agrees what implicit bias is. Gawronski, Ledgerwood, and Eastwick (this issue) join a spate of scholars calling for better conceptual clarity

Motivating Collective Action in Diverse Groups: Person of Color Identity, Prototypicality Perceptions, and Environmental Attitudes

People of color (PoC) face common threats as marginalized ethno-racial groups, yet it remains unclear what drives a diverse range of people to collectively mobilize. Relative to White Americans, PoC

Chinese People’s Perception and Opinion of Feminism

  • Rui Zhao
  • Sociology
    BCP Social Sciences & Humanities
  • 2021
As the global economy moves towards the direction of gender equality, feminist movements have also become more predominant worldwide, including in Chinese society. The purpose of this research is to

Testing the limits of structural thinking about gender.

Evidence concerning children's structural reasoning about gender categories is provided and new light is shed on how such reasoning might affect social evaluations and behavioral intentions is shed.

Beyond students: how teacher psychology shapes educational inequality

Exposure to Literary Fiction Is Associated With Lower Psychological Essentialism

Exposure to literary fiction negatively predicts the discreteness subscale of the psychological essentialism scale and the three subscales of the same scale (such as discretness, informativeness, and biological basis) in Study 2 that was pre-registered.

Other-Groups Bias Effects: Recognizing Majority and Minority Outgroup Faces

A large literature has provided evidence that intergroup biases are common in facial recognition. In investigations of faces of different races, research has repeatedly demonstrated an Own Race Bias

Deconstructing racial essentialism in the classroom

Purpose This study aims to examine how change in white college students’ beliefs about race over the course of a semester impacted their interactions with diverse others. While there is an



Social dominance orientation: A personality variable predicting social and political attitudes.

Social dominance orientation (SDO), one's degree of preference for inequality among social groups, is introduced. On the basis of social dominance theory, it is shown that (a) men are more social

To love or hate thy neighbor: The role of authoritarianism and traditionalism in explaining the link between fundamentalism and racial prejudice

Fundamentalism is consistently related to racial prejudice (Hall, Matz, & Wood, 2010), yet the mechanisms for this relationship are unclear. We identify two core values of fundamentalism,

A propositional model of implicit evaluation

Implicit evaluation can be defined as the automatic effect of stimuli on evaluative responses. A major advantage of this definition is that it is neutral with regard to the mental processes and

Do natural kind beliefs about social groups contribute to prejudice? Distinguishing bio-somatic essentialism from bio-behavioral essentialism, and both of these from entitativity

Do essentialist conceptions of racial groups foster prejudice and negative attitudes? Existing literature provides mixed results. We propose that relations between essentialism and negative attitudes

Implicit Attitude Generalization From Black to Black–White Biracial Group Members

We investigated whether Black–White biracial individuals are perceived as Black in the domain of evaluation. Previous research has documented that White perceivers’ negative evaluation of one Black

Trying But Failing: Implicit Attitude Transfer Is Not Eliminated by Overt or Subtle Objectivity Manipulations

Attitude transfer is the phenomenon whereby attitudes toward group members generalize automatically to new individuals in the same group. Although robust at the implicit level, people consciously

Psychological essentialism and the differential attribution of uniquely human emotions to ingroups and outgroups

According to the psychological essentialism perspective, people tend to explain differences between groups by attributing them different essences. Given a pervasive ethnocentrism, this tendency