Psychological Entitlement: Interpersonal Consequences and Validation of a Self-Report Measure

  title={Psychological Entitlement: Interpersonal Consequences and Validation of a Self-Report Measure},
  author={W. K. Campbell and Angelica M. Bonacci and Jeremy Shelton and Julie J. Exline and Brad J. Bushman},
  journal={Journal of Personality Assessment},
  pages={29 - 45}
Nine studies were conducted with the goal of developing a self-report measure of psychological entitlement and assessing its interpersonal consequences. The Psychological Entitlement Scale (PES) was found to be reliable and valid (Study 1, 2), not associated with social desirability (Study 2), stable across time (Study 3), and correlated negatively with two of the Big Five factors: agreeableness and emotional stability (Study 4). The validity of the PES was confirmed in studies that assessed… 
Evaluating Self-Report Measures of Narcissistic Entitlement
The present work further delineates the psychometric properties of two self-report measures of entitlement: the Psychological Entitlement Scale (PES) and the Entitlement/Exploitativeness subscale
Deprived and Grandiose Explanations for Psychological Entitlement: Implications for Theory and Measurement
This research supports the presence of grandiose-based and vulnerable-based entitlement forms, demonstrates a measurement technique to tap these forms, and suggests some theoretical implications.
Measurement of Psychological Entitlement in 28 Countries
This article presents the cross-cultural validation of the Entitlement Attitudes Questionnaire, a tool designed to measure three facets of psychological entitlement: active, passive, and revenge
Self-compassion as a predictor of psychological entitlement in Turkish University Students
The purpose of this study is to examine the predictive role of self-compassion on psychological entitlement. Participants were 331 university students (205 women, 126 men, M age= 20.5 years.). In
Refining the Assessment of Entitlement in Romantic Relationships: The Sense of Relational Entitlement Scale—Revised (SRE-R)
The revised, improved version of the Sense of Relational Entitlement scale—Revised (SRE-R) is a valid and useful tool to assess sense of entitlement in romantic relationships and should be examined in diverse samples and cultures.
Development and Validation of the Childhood Narcissism Scale
The CNS provides researchers a convenient tool for measuring narcissism in children and young adolescents with strong preliminary psychometric characteristics and suggests that childhood narcissism has similar psychological and interpersonal correlates as adult narcissism.
The sense of entitlement in romantic relationships—Scale construction, factor structure, construct validity, and its associations with attachment orientations
Based on clinical evidence and theoretical writings that pointed to the importance and uniqueness of the sense of entitlement in couple relationships, two studies were designed to develop and
Dispositional correlates of perceived work entitlement
Purpose – Drawing on an equity theory framework, the purpose of this paper is to examine the degree to which dispositional correlates – Machiavellianism and Protestant work ethic (PWE) – predict
On the Meaning and Measure of Narcissism
The studies show that measures of grandiosity and entitlement interact to predict scores on the NPI, controlling for gender, self-esteem, and basic personality, but also that grand Curiosity and entitlement function independently with respect to mental health and ethical misconduct.


Measuring individual differences in empathy: Evidence for a multidimensional approach.
To facilitate a multidimensional approach to empathy the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) includes 4 subscales: Perspective-Taking (PT) Fantasy (FS) Empathic Concern (EC) and Personal Distress
Judgments of Deservingness: Studies in the Psychology of Justice and Achievement
  • N. Feather
  • Psychology
    Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
  • 1999
It is argued that the inclusion of deservingness goes beyond approaches in which perceived responsibility is accorded central status by adding a further link in the causal chain, thus enabling a more complete consideration of the effects of justice and value variables on how people react to positive and negative outcomes for both self and other.
Accommodation processes in close relationships: Theory and preliminary empirical evidence.
A theory of accommodation processes is advanced, and the results of 6 studies are reported. Accommodation refers to the willingness, when a partner has engaged in a potentially destructive act, to
A principal-components analysis of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory and further evidence of its construct validity.
Evidence is found for a general construct of narcissism as well as seven first-order components, identified as Authority, Exhibitionism, Superiority, Vanity, Exploitativeness, Entitlement, and Self-Sufficiency, in the Narcissistic Personality Inventory.
Integrating societal and psychological rules of entitlement: The basic task of each social actor and fundamental problem for the social sciences
A preliminary statement of a theoretical framework integrating psychological and societal determinants of justice in human affairs is presented. It is proposed that the social structure provides the
Development of prosocial, individualistic, and competitive orientations: theory and preliminary evidence.
An interdependence analysis of social value orientation revealed that relative to individualists and competitors, prosocial individuals exhibited greater levels of secure attachment and reported having more siblings, especially sisters.
Inclusion of Other in the Self Scale and the structure of interpersonal closeness
In 2 studies, the Inclusion of Other in the Self (IOS) Scale, a single-item, pictorial measure of closeness, demonstrated alternate-form and test-retest reliability; convergent validity with the
The Role of Justice in Organizations: A Meta-Analysis
Abstract The correlates of distributive, procedural, and interactional justice were examined using 190 studies samples, totaling 64,757 participants. We found the distinction between the three
Self-Esteem and Socioeconomic Status: A Meta-Analytic Review
Socioeconomic status (SES) has a small but significantrelationship with self-esteem (d = .15, r = .08) in a meta-analysis of 446 samples (total participant N = 312,940). Higher SES individuals report
Values, Achievement, and Justice: Studies in the Psychology of Deservingness
1. Introduction and Overview. Judgments and Deservingness. Positively and Negatively Valued Actions and Outcomes. Causal Attributions and Perceived Responsibility. Other Variables Affecting