Psychological Distress Among Religious Nonbelievers: A Systematic Review

  title={Psychological Distress Among Religious Nonbelievers: A Systematic Review},
  author={Samuel R. Weber and Kenneth I. Pargament and Mark E. Kunik and James W. Lomax and Melinda A. Stanley},
  journal={Journal of Religion and Health},
Studies of religious belief and psychological health are on the rise, but most overlook atheists and agnostics. We review 14 articles that examine differences between nonbelievers and believers in levels of psychological distress, and potential sources of distress among nonbelievers. Various forms of psychological distress are experienced by nonbelievers, and greater certainty in one’s belief system is associated with greater psychological health. We found one well-documented source of distress… 

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