Psychological Correlates of Depression: 1. Frequency of “Masochistic” Dream Content in a Private Practice Sample

  title={Psychological Correlates of Depression: 1. Frequency of “Masochistic” Dream Content in a Private Practice Sample},
  author={Aaron T. Beck and Marvin S. Hurvich},
  journal={Psychosomatic Medicine},
  • A. Beck, M. Hurvich
  • Published 1 January 1959
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychosomatic Medicine
&NA; In the course of the psychoanalytic treatment of patients with neurotic‐depressive reactions, it was noted that there was a high incidence of dreams with unpleasant content. This unpleasant content was of a particular kind; namely, the dreamer was the recipient of rejection, disappointment, humiliation, or similar unpleasant experiences in the dream content. A rating scale was constructed for the objective identification of these unpleasant themes, which were labelled “masochistic.” This… Expand
Dreams of depressed patients. Characteristic themes in manifest content.
  • A. Beck, C. Ward
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Archives of general psychiatry
  • 1961
In a serial study by Beck and Hurvich 2 of the consecutive dreams of patients in psychoanalytic psychotherapy, it was observed that the depressed patients reported a certain class of unpleasantExpand
Dreams in obsessive-compulsive disorder: an analysis of semantic and emotional content compared to controls.
The data suggest that there is no evident link between diurnal mental activity and the morning recollection of nocturnal dreams regarding anxiety, failure, sadness, and obsessive-compulsive themes. Expand
Dreaming and psychopathology: Dream recall and dream content of psychiatric inpatients.
Two motives have stimulated investigating the relationship between dreaming and mental disorders. First, the dream state itself was conceptualized by several theorists (e.g., 1) as a mental disorderExpand
Continuity between waking life and dreams of psychiatric patients: A review and discussion of the implications for dream research
Despite positive results from the use of dreams in psychotherapy and for personal growth, research regarding the relationship between waking life and dreams of patients with mental disorders isExpand
A systematic investigation of depression.
  • A. Beck
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Comprehensive psychiatry
  • 1961
It was found that the depressed group reported significantly more masochistic dreams and early memories than the non-depressed group, and that the masochism scores on the Focused Fantasy Test and the Masochism Inventory were also significantly higher in the depression group. Expand
Palliative people’s dreams and dream-related perceptions and interpretations: A mixed-method nvestigation
Dreams at end of life have always fascinated philosophical minds. Drawing on clinical anecdotes, a number of authors in the palliative field have argued that dreams of palliative care patients mayExpand
Depression: dreams and defenses.
A study of the dreams of depressed patients was undertaken to explore the defensive pattern in the depressed, which reflects both the fight-flight defenses of the classical formulations as well as the more recently suggested pattern of conservationwithdrawal. Expand
Manifest dreams from three clinical groups.
  • R. Langs
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Archives of general psychiatry
  • 1966
This comparative study assesses manifest dreams from three different clinical groups: paranoid schizophrenic reaction, hysterical character disorder, and psychotic depressive reaction to ascertain whether the dreams of each group are distinctive on a manifest level and to explore the areas in which differences between groups appear. Expand
The Theoretical and Experimental Foundations of a Cognitive Model for Depression
The characteristic changes that occur in clinical depression have been recognized and recorded from the time of the ancient Greeks. While the descriptions of the correlates of depression (orExpand
Dreams during varying stages of depression.
  • J. Miller
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Archives of general psychiatry
  • 1969
Some areas of congruence which may already exist in this complex field of depressed patients' dreams are delineated to delineate some areas of agreement which have not been previously apparent. Expand


Studies in the physiology of awareness: the incidence and content of dream patterns and their relationship to anoxia.
  • J. Doust
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Journal of mental science
  • 1951
The dreaming habits of 260 healthy control subjects and 293 patients with such psychiatric disorders as psychopathic personality, psychoneurosis, schizophrenia, depression, epilepsy and migraine were investigated and statistically significant differences with respect to incidence of nightmares and frightening dreams were revealed. Expand
An intensive study of twelve cases of manic-depressive psychosis.
The manic-depressive character was investigated from the point of view of the patterns of interaction between parents and child and between family and community, and the ways in which these patterns influenced the character structure of the child and affected his experiencing of other people in his subsequent life. Expand
(1940). Utilization of Early Current Dreams in Formulating Psychoanalytic Cases. The Psychoanalytic Quarterly: Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 453-469.
Mourning and Melancholia
Freud, S. (1917). Mourning and Melancholia. The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Volume XIV (1914-1916): On the History of the Psycho-Analytic Movement, PapersExpand
Nonparametric Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences.
This is the revision of the classic text in the field, adding two new chapters and thoroughly updating all others. The original structure is retained, and the book continues to serve as a combinedExpand
An approach to a systematic study of ego function.
Comparison of the Family Background and Early Life Experience of the Manic-depressive and Schizophrenic Patient.
  • Final report on Office of Naval Research Contract,
  • 1957
An Attempt to Quantify Emotional Forces Using Manifest Dreams; A Preliminary Study
  • L. Saul, E. Sheppard
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
  • 1956
" Notes on the Psychoanalytical Investigation and Treatment of Manic - depressive Insanity and Allied Conditions
  • 1953
Notes on the Psychoanalytical Investigation and Treatment of Manic-depressive Insanity and Allied Conditions
  • Selected Papers on Psychoanalysis
  • 1953