Psychological Correlates of Depression: 1. Frequency of “Masochistic” Dream Content in a Private Practice Sample

  title={Psychological Correlates of Depression: 1. Frequency of “Masochistic” Dream Content in a Private Practice Sample},
  author={Aaron T. Beck and Marvin S. Hurvich},
  journal={Psychosomatic Medicine},
&NA; In the course of the psychoanalytic treatment of patients with neurotic‐depressive reactions, it was noted that there was a high incidence of dreams with unpleasant content. This unpleasant content was of a particular kind; namely, the dreamer was the recipient of rejection, disappointment, humiliation, or similar unpleasant experiences in the dream content. A rating scale was constructed for the objective identification of these unpleasant themes, which were labelled “masochistic.” This… 

Dreams of depressed patients. Characteristic themes in manifest content.

In a serial study by Beck and Hurvich 2 of the consecutive dreams of patients in psychoanalytic psychotherapy, it was observed that the depressed patients reported a certain class of unpleasant

Dreaming and psychopathology: Dream recall and dream content of psychiatric inpatients.

Two motives have stimulated investigating the relationship between dreaming and mental disorders. First, the dream state itself was conceptualized by several theorists (e.g., 1) as a mental disorder

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The findings demonstrate that several aspects of the waking life psychopathology of the patients show both continuity and discontinuity in dreams, and that more attention must be granted to the phenomenon of discontinuity.

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Dreams at end of life have always fascinated philosophical minds. Drawing on clinical anecdotes, a number of authors in the palliative field have argued that dreams of palliative care patients may

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A study of the dreams of depressed patients was undertaken to explore the defensive pattern in the depressed, which reflects both the fight-flight defenses of the classical formulations as well as the more recently suggested pattern of conservationwithdrawal.

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The Theoretical and Experimental Foundations of a Cognitive Model for Depression

The characteristic changes that occur in clinical depression have been recognized and recorded from the time of the ancient Greeks. While the descriptions of the correlates of depression (or

Dreams during varying stages of depression.

Some areas of congruence which may already exist in this complex field of depressed patients' dreams are delineated to delineate some areas of agreement which have not been previously apparent.



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The dreaming habits of 260 healthy control subjects and 293 patients with such psychiatric disorders as psychopathic personality, psychoneurosis, schizophrenia, depression, epilepsy and migraine were investigated and statistically significant differences with respect to incidence of nightmares and frightening dreams were revealed.

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The manic-depressive character was investigated from the point of view of the patterns of interaction between parents and child and between family and community, and the ways in which these patterns influenced the character structure of the child and affected his experiencing of other people in his subsequent life.


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This is the revision of the classic text in the field, adding two new chapters and thoroughly updating all others. The original structure is retained, and the book continues to serve as a combined

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