Psychological Aggression by American Parents: National Data on Prevalence, Chronicity, and Severity

@article{Straus2003PsychologicalAB,
  title={Psychological Aggression by American Parents: National Data on Prevalence, Chronicity, and Severity},
  author={M. Straus and C. Field},
  journal={Journal of Marriage and Family},
  year={2003},
  volume={65},
  pages={795-808}
}
This article describes the prevalence of psychological aggression in a nationally representative sample of 991 parents. By child-age 2, 90% reported using one or more forms of psychological aggression during the previous 12 months and 98% by age 5. From ages 6 to 17, the rates continued in the 90% range. The rate of severe psychological aggression was lower: 10%-20% for toddlers and about 50% for teenagers. Prevalence rates greater than 90% and the absence of differences according to child or… Expand
140 Citations

Figures and Tables from this paper

Outcomes of Parental Use of Psychological Aggression on Children: A Structural Model From Sri Lanka
  • 12
  • Highly Influenced
Aggressive Parental Discipline Experienced in Childhood and Internalizing Problems in Early Adulthood
  • 32
Peer Victimization and Harsh Parenting Predict Cognitive Diatheses for Depression in Children and Adolescents
  • 14
Father’s and Mother’s Psychological Violence and Adolescent Behavioral Adjustment
  • 16
  • Highly Influenced
Parental harsh discipline in mainland China: prevalence, frequency, and coexistence.
  • 60
Relations of Parental Report and Observation of Parenting to Maltreatment History
  • 83
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 47 REFERENCES
Corporal Punishment by American Parents: National Data on Prevalence, Chronicity, Severity, and Duration, in Relation to Child and Family Characteristics
  • 627
  • PDF
Verbal aggression by parents and psychosocial problems of children.
  • 409
The Psychological Maltreatment Rating Scales.
  • 108
Visible but unreported: a case for the "not serious enough" cases of child maltreatment.
  • E. Gracia
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Child abuse & neglect
  • 1995
  • 69
Physical Violence in American Families: Risk Factors and Adaptations to Violence in 8,145 Families
  • 1,360
Effects of parental verbal aggression on children's self-esteem and school marks.
  • 113
  • Highly Influential
...
1
2
3
4
5
...