Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures: The sex ratio trajectory across the lifespan

@article{AsadiPooya2020PsychogenicNS,
  title={Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures: The sex ratio trajectory across the lifespan},
  author={Ali Akbar Asadi-Pooya and Maryam Homayoun},
  journal={Seizure},
  year={2020},
  volume={75},
  pages={63-65}
}
4 Citations
Sleep Disturbances in Patients with Nonepileptic Seizures
TLDR
Current literature supports the subjective perception of the sleep disturbances with mixed results in objective pathophysiological findings, and quality of life in patients suffering from PNES can be increased by good sleep habits and treatment of comorbid sleep disorders.
Sex Effects on Coping, Dissociation, and PTSD in Patients With Non-epileptic Seizures
TLDR
The findings confirm a high prevalence of PTSD in patients with NES, suggesting that comorbid PTSD may override sex differences in accounting for use of avoidant and dissociative coping, and raise the possibility that NES may, at times, represent an extreme variant in dysfunctional coping in Patients with PTSD.
Diagnostic Yield of 8-Hour Video-EEG in Detecting Psychogenic Non-Epileptic Seizures (PNES)
TLDR
In a well-selected group of patients (such as a high suspicion of PNES during a physician/neurology office visit), an outpatient 8-hour vEEG could open new avenues for a prompt diagnosis, which could especially be beneficial in hospital settings where there is either a lack of an EMU or a delay in admission.

References

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Late onset psychogenic nonepileptic attacks
TLDR
The data suggest a distinct subgroup of patients with late onset psychogenic nonepileptic attacks, in whom psychological trauma related to poor physical health plays a prominent role.
Sexual abuse and psychogenic nonepileptic seizures
TLDR
Some people with a history of sexual abuse are at risk of developing PNES later in their lives, and this study highlights the need for planning genetic studies in patients with PNES.
Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures are predominantly seen in women: potential neurobiological reasons
TLDR
The evidence shows that there exist sex-dependent intrinsic functional connectivity differences in brain areas responsible for emotional and cognitive processing, which may explain why PNES is predominantly seen in female gender.
Epidemiology of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures
Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures in children: A review
TLDR
The importance of effective and sensitive communication of the diagnosis of PNES has been emphasized and management approaches will typically involve multidisciplinary efforts to safely manage the events at home and at school to identify efficacious approaches and predictors of best outcome.
A multisite controlled study of risk factors in pediatric psychogenic nonepileptic seizures
TLDR
This work examined if youth with PNES have a distinct biopsychosocial risk factor profile compared to their siblings and if the interrelationships between these risk factors differentiate the PNES probands from the sibling group.
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