Psychobiology of altered states of consciousness.

@article{Vaitl2005PsychobiologyOA,
  title={Psychobiology of altered states of consciousness.},
  author={D. Vaitl and N. Birbaumer and J. Gruzelier and G. Jamieson and B. Kotchoubey and A. K{\"u}bler and D. Lehmann and W. Miltner and U. Ott and Peter P{\"u}tz and G. Sammer and I. Strauch and U. Strehl and J. Wackermann and T. Weiss},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  year={2005},
  volume={131 1},
  pages={
          98-127
        }
}
The article reviews the current knowledge regarding altered states of consciousness (ASC) (a) occurring spontaneously, (b) evoked by physical and physiological stimulation, (c) induced by psychological means, and (d) caused by diseases. The emphasis is laid on psychological and neurobiological approaches. The phenomenological analysis of the multiple ASC resulted in 4 dimensions by which they can be characterized: activation, awareness span, self-awareness, and sensory dynamics. The… Expand

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