Psychoactive Substances and the English Language: “Drugs,” Discourses, and Public Policy

@article{Tupper2012PsychoactiveSA,
  title={Psychoactive Substances and the English Language: “Drugs,” Discourses, and Public Policy},
  author={Kenneth W. Tupper},
  journal={Contemporary Drug Problems},
  year={2012},
  volume={39},
  pages={461 - 492}
}
This article undertakes a historical ontology of psychoactive substances, or, in other words, an exploration of the philosophical and political nature of modern categories for plants and chemicals that alter consciousness. Drawing on the ideas of Michel Foucault and Ian Hacking and using the method of critical discourse analysis, I elucidate three distinct contemporary meanings of the English word “drug.” Further, I demonstrate how these meanings of “drug” map onto a modern stereotypology of… 

Ayahuasca, psychedelic studies and health sciences: the politics of knowledge and inquiry into an Amazonian plant brew.

This article offers critical sociological and philosophical reflections on ayahuasca and other psychedelics as objects of research in medicine, health and human sciences and reflections on the politics of psychedelic research and impediments to academic knowledge production in the field of psychedelic studies.

Medicinal Cannabis Users Downplaying and Shifting Stigma: Articulations of the ‘Natural’, of What Is/Is Not a ‘Drug’ and Oppositions with ‘Chemical’ Substances

While sympathy exists among the public for chronically ill and/or disabled people who use cannabis medicinally, cannabis remains a prohibited substance in the UK. How do medicinal cannabis users

Dominant discourses and narratives of substance use: the development of a psychometric measure of internalisation

Social constructionism posits that the dominant discourses embedded within society limit what can be written, spoken and thought about Alcohol and Other Drug (AOD) issues whilst maintaining ‘truth’

The Discursive Construction of Drug Realities: Discourses on Drugs, Users, and Drug-Related Practices

Drugs are substances, that is, material realities with specific, describable chemical characteristics. Therefore, it is unsurprising that the scientific literature about drugs is dominated by

Methamphetamine ‘facts’: The production of a ‘destructive’ drug in Australian scientific texts

In this article, we analyse the ways in which methamphetamine, its use, and those who consume it are discursively produced in Australian scientific research, drawing on theoretical concepts from the

Sex, drugs and the honour roll: the perennial challenges of addressing moral purity issues in schools

In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century in North America, public health and social reform advocates were quick to identify and exploit the nascent modern institution of public schools as

20 years of Portuguese drug policy - developments, challenges and the quest for human rights

This article critically discusses the developments and current challenges the Portuguese drug policy confronts, namely the growing diversity of drug use patterns observed in Portugal as well as in Europe, and suggests some suggestions that could be employed in the practical application of drug policy.

An ethical analysis of UK drug policy as an example of a criminal justice approach to drugs: a commentary on the short film Putting UK Drug Policy into Focus

  • A. Holland
  • Political Science, Medicine
    Harm Reduction Journal
  • 2020
A short film has been produced intended for public and professional audiences featuring academics, representatives of advocacy organisations, police and policymakers outlining the problems with, and highlighting alternative approaches to, UK drug policy.

Negotiating Ambiguous Substance Use: UK newspaper representations of self-prescribing medicinal cannabis use in the 1990s

This paper examined representations of medicinal cannabis users in UK newspapers, 1990–1998. It is important to understand the significance of these newspaper articles during this early stage of the

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 106 REFERENCES

“Out There”: The Ecology of Addiction in Drug Abuse Treatment Discourse

A growing trend in social research concerning illicit drug use has entailed suspending regard for conventional questions such as the etiology of drug problems and the outcomes achieved by assorted

A History of Drugs: Drugs and Freedom in the Liberal Age

Why are some psychoactive substances regarded as a ~dangerous drugsa (TM), to be controlled by the criminal law within a global prohibition regime, whilst others a "from alcohol and tobacco, through

The metaphorical nature of drugs and drug taking.

Plants, Psychoactive Substances and the International Narcotics Control Board: The Control of Nature and the Nature of Control

This article reviews and critiques the International Narcotic Control Board’s (INCB) 2010 Annual Report’s recommendation about plant materials containing psychoactive substances. It first provides an

The drug effect: Health, crime and society

The Drug Effect is set within a particular moment in the theoretical trajectory of the sociology of drugs, drug use and harm reduction. The introduction offers a clear exploration of this theoretical

"The Struggle of Mankind Against its Deadliest Foe": Themes of Counter-subversion in Anti-Narcotic Campaigns, 1920-1940

During the 1920s and 1930s, newspaper and magazine accounts of narcotics problems, and the propaganda of various anti-narcotic organizations used certain stock ideas and images to construct an

Control and desire: The issue of identity in popular discourses of addiction

In this article, popular discourses of addiction are investigated. The development of these discourses since the concept of ‘addiction’ was developed a century ago is linked to changing conceptions

Mr. ATOD’s Wild Ride: What Do Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs Have in Common?

This article argues that neuroscientific, genetic, epidemiological, and historical evidence helped to reunify the addiction field in the late twentieth century, variously called chemical dependency, substance abuse, or simply ATOD—alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs.

Psychoactive substances and the political ecology of mental distress

A critical political ecology of disease approach is used to challenge certain prevailing sociomedical interpretations of disease, or more specifically, mental disorder, found in the field of substance Abuse diagnostics and the related American punitive public policy regimes of substance abuse prevention and control, with regards to the use of biotic substances.

Addiction as accomplishment: The discursive construction of disease

The ubiquity of the disease concept of addiction obscures the fact that it did not emerge from the accretion of scientific discoveries. Addiction-as-disease has been continuously redefined, mostly in
...