Psychiatric services and training for children and adolescents in Europe: Results of a country survey


Mental health budgets, services and programs are seldom commensurate with mental health needs in the countries, particularly of population groups whose voice in advocacy is weak. In this inquiry we explored the adequacy of mental health care resources available for the young in Europe. To achieve this objective this survey investigated a few variables (e. g., number of services, degree of coverage, trained personnel) that were used as gross indicators of the discrimination suffered by this health sector. We sent a short postal questionnaire to the mental health focal points of the 51 countries included in the World Health Organization European Region. Thirty six countries (70.5 %) responded. The results showed that the degree of coverage and quality of services for the young were generally worse in comparison with those for adults, including for serious disorders. A lack of both specialized and in-training personnel was identified. The exposure of general practitioners and pediatricians to psychiatry for the young was limited. Generally, the lower the income level of the country the worse the situation. Our mapping confirmed findings of previous inquiries. European child psychiatry leaders had raised a set of recommendations to improve the current situation; their implementation can now benefit from novel strategies adopted by the World Health Organization to advance mental health worldwide.

DOI: 10.1007/s00787-004-0427-6

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@article{D2004PsychiatricSA, title={Psychiatric services and training for children and adolescents in Europe: Results of a country survey}, author={I. Levav M. D. and L. Jacobsson M. D. and John Tsiantis and Gerasimos A. Kolaitis and Ph. D. A. Ponizovsky M. D.}, journal={European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry}, year={2004}, volume={13}, pages={395-401} }