Psychedelics not linked to mental health problems or suicidal behavior: A population study

@article{Johansen2015PsychedelicsNL,
  title={Psychedelics not linked to mental health problems or suicidal behavior: A population study},
  author={P{\aa}l-{\O}rjan Johansen and Teri Suzanne Krebs},
  journal={Journal of Psychopharmacology},
  year={2015},
  volume={29},
  pages={270 - 279}
}
A recent large population study of 130,000 adults in the United States failed to find evidence for a link between psychedelic use (lysergic acid diethylamide, psilocybin or mescaline) and mental health problems. Using a new data set consisting of 135,095 randomly selected United States adults, including 19,299 psychedelic users, we examine the associations between psychedelic use and mental health. After adjusting for sociodemographics, other drug use and childhood depression, we found no… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Psychedelics and indicators of mental distress in adults : National Survey on Drug Use and Health 2008–2014

No independent association between any recency of any psychedelic use and increased likelihood of past month psychological distress, past year suicidality, or everyday impairment was found, and this study strongly supports the results of previous population studies, as no independent risk from psychedelic use was found.

Psychedelic psychiatry and the C-L psychiatrist: A primer

  • B. BarnettG. Greer
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of the Academy of Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry
  • 2021

On the Relationship between Classic Psychedelics and Suicidality: A Systematic Review.

A systematic review of the relationship between classic psychedelics (both non-clinical psychedelic use and psychedelic therapy) and suicidality found mixed findings, with studies finding positive, negative, and no significant association.

Mental health, personality and lifetime psychedelic use during the COVID-19 pandemic

Experience with psychedelic drugs was linked to increased positive affect and to personality traits that favor resilience and stability in the light of the ongoing crisis, but no significant associations between lifetime use of psychedelics and indicators of impaired mental health were observed.

Associations between lifetime classic psychedelic use and markers of physical health

Investigating the associations between lifetime classic psychedelic use and three markers of physical health suggested that classic psychedelics may be beneficial to physical health.

The link between use of psychedelic drugs and mental health problems

It is argued that the authors’ conclusions in their latest paper are not substantiated by their results and will propose supplemental analyses to validate or potentially revise their conclusions.

The relationships of classic psychedelic use with criminal behavior in the United States adult population

Lifetime classic psychedelic use and psilocybin use per se with criminal behavior among over 480,000 United States adult respondents pooled from the last 13 available years of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health contribute to a compelling rationale for the initiation of clinical research with classic psychedelics, including p silocybin, in forensic settings.

Three Naturally-Occurring Psychedelics and Their Significance in the Treatment of Mental Health Disorders

The three classic serotonergic naturally occurring psychedelics, psilocybin, ibogaine, and N, N-dimethyltryptamine are discussed, focusing on their pharmacological properties and clinical potential.

Psilocybin, psychological distress, and suicidality

The objectives of the current research were to extend the analysis of Hendricks et al. (2015) by evaluating the associations of lifetime psilocybin use, per se, with past month psychological distress, past month suicidal thinking, past year suicidal planning, and past year suicide attempt in the United States adult population.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 74 REFERENCES

Psychedelics and Mental Health: A Population Study

It was found that in several cases psychedelic use was associated with lower rate of mental health problems, and use of psychedelics was not found to be an independent risk factor formental health problems.

Substance use, suicidality, and adolescent-onset schizophrenia: an Israeli 10-year retrospective study.

The suicide-attempting patients were found to have had more previous psychiatric admissions, a greater level of deliberate self-harm behavior, and a higher level of suicide ideation, but a decreased severity of psychotic symptoms.

Psychiatric and substance use disorders as risk factors for attempted suicide among adolescents: a case control study.

Bipolar disorder, cocaine use disorders, and conduct disorder were found to be predictive of attempted suicide in univariate testing and high odds ratios associated with the comorbidities of alcohol use disorder with Conduct disorder and drug use disorders with conduct disorder in both groups were revealed.

Psychological and Cognitive Effects of Long-Term Peyote Use Among Native Americans

Hallucinogen use predicts reduced recidivism among substance-involved offenders under community corrections supervision

It is found that hallucinogen use predicted a reduced likelihood of supervision failure and may promote alcohol and other drug abstinence and prosocial behavior in a population with high rates of recidivism.

User perceptions of the benefits and harms of hallucinogenic drug use: A web-based questionnaire study

The findings of this study support recent calls for a systematic investigation of the therapeutic potential of the classic hallucinogens and highlight the scope for empirical investigations of spiritual and psychodynamic phenomena.

Personality, Psychopathology, Life Attitudes and Neuropsychological Performance among Ritual Users of Ayahuasca: A Longitudinal Study

Ayahuasca is an Amazonian psychoactive plant beverage containing the serotonergic 5-HT2A agonist N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT) and monoamine oxidase-inhibiting alkaloids (harmine, harmaline and

Human hallucinogen research: guidelines for safety

The unique history of human hallucinogens research is discussed, the risks of hallucinogen administration and safeguards for minimizing these risks are reviewed, and carefully conducted research may inform the treatment of psychiatric disorders, and may lead to advances in basic science.

Acute Adverse Reactions to Lsd in Clinical and Experimental use in the United Kingdom

  • N. Malleson
  • Psychology, Medicine
    British Journal of Psychiatry
  • 1971
It is well recognized that LSD (lysergide) can give serious adverse reactions, including suicide and prolonged psychosis; Smart and Bateman (1967) have reviewed the subject thoroughly. However,

The recanting of earlier reported drug use by young adults.

In this chapter, recanting rates are examined in nationally representative samples of high school seniors surveyed in the Monitoring the Future study as they are followed up on seven occasions through age 32.
...