Psychedelic Agents in Creative Problem-Solving: A Pilot Study

  title={Psychedelic Agents in Creative Problem-Solving: A Pilot Study},
  author={Willis W. Harman and R. H. Mckim and Robert E. Mogar and James Fadiman and Myron J. Stolaroff},
  journal={Psychological Reports},
  pages={211 - 227}
Based on the frequently reported similarities between creative and psychedelic (drug-induced, consciousness-expansion) experiences, a preliminary study was conducted to explore the effects of psychedelic agents (LSD-25, mescaline) on creative problem-solving ability. Twenty-seven professionally employed males were given a single psychedelic experience in 1 of 7 small groups (ns = 3 or 4) following extensive selection and preparatory procedures. This drug-induced problem-solving session was… 
Spontaneous and deliberate creative cognition during and after psilocybin exposure
Following a double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group design, it is demonstrated that psilocybin induced a time- and construct-related differentiation of effects on creative thinking, and add some support to historical claims that psychedelics can influence aspects of the creative process.
Psychedelics and Creativity: a Review of the Quantitative Literature
After a 40-year hiatus, the question of whether psychedelics can increase creativity is being asked with renewed vigor. This article critically reviews the conceptual issues of studying
Exploring the effect of microdosing psychedelics on creativity in an open-label natural setting
This study provides quantitative support for the cognitive enhancing properties of microdosing psychedelics, and speculates that psychedelics might affect cognitive metacontrol policies by optimizing the balance between cognitive persistence and flexibility.
Is it time to revisit the role of psychedelic drugs in enhancing human creativity?
  • B. Sessa
  • Psychology
    Journal of psychopharmacology
  • 2008
There are similarities between the typical traits of creative people and the subjective psychological characteristics of the psychedelic (hallucinogenic) drug experience, and now may be the time to re-visit these studies with contemporary research methods.
The Associations of Naturalistic Classic Psychedelic Use, Mystical Experience, and Creative Problem Solving
Classic psychedelic use may increase creativity independent of its effects on mystical experience, and Maximizing the likelihood of mystical experience may need not be a goal of psychedelic interventions designed to boost creativity.
of the Quantitative Literature
After a 40-year hiatus, the question of whether psychedelics can increase creativity is being asked with renewed vigor. This article critically reviews the conceptual issues of studying
Research in creativity and psychedelic drugs
Abstract “he influence of psychedelic drug experience upon various aspects of the creative process has been studied by very few researchers over the years. Although no conclusive statements can be
The Meaning-Enhancing Properties of Psychedelics and Their Mediator Role in Psychedelic Therapy, Spirituality, and Creativity
It is argued that the tendency of these agents to enhance the perception of significance offers valuable clues to explaining their reported ability to stimulate a variety of therapeutic processes, enhance creativity, and instigate mystical-type experiences.
The Viability of Microdosing Psychedelics as a Strategy to Enhance Cognition and Well-being - An Early Review
This review aimed to summarize and examine the extant literature on psychedelic microdosing and indicates a variety of benefits reported by microdosers including improvements in mood, focus, and creativity, with some null reports, and a minority of people reporting selective negative consequences.


Current Status and Future Trends in Psychedelic (LSD) Research
Since the discovery of d-lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD-25) in 1943, a voluminous literature has accumulated concerning its effects on a variety of animals, including man. Despite the mass of
Life Style and Creativity: An Empirical Investigation
Initial most creative Ss remained most creative under all conditions, and the physically disabled group was consistently least creative.
The associative basis of the creative process.
An associative interpretation of the process of creative thinking is presented and three ways in which creative solutions may be achieved are indicated—serendipity, similarity, and mediation.
Rorschach Movement and Bleuler's Three Kinds of Thinking: A Contribution to the Psychology of Creativity
  • S. Stark
  • Psychology
    Perceptual and motor skills
  • 1964
Rorschach movement and other measures of such cognition should be higher in people uncommonly prone to “Autistic thinking: thinking which is dominated by processes of the fantasy kind, rather than geared to reality, e.g., hallucination, hypnagogic imagery, etc.
The Act of Creation
While the study of psychology has offered little in the way of explaining the creative process, Koestler examines the idea that we are at our most creative when rational thought is suspended--for
Field Independence and Concept Formation
The findings were interpreted as supporting the hypothesis that field independence is an asset on tests that require perceptual concept formation (the abstraction of elements and relations from things rather than from words) although other studies have found that it was not beneficial on Tests that require verbal concept formation.
D‐Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD): A review of its present status
  • A. Hoffer
  • Psychology
    Clinical pharmacology and therapeutics
  • 1965
This is a review of an important but controversial subject, written by one of the important figures involved in the controversy, and thought important to bring details of the subject to the attention of a large readership.
Creativity and intelligence.
  • A. Croley
  • Education
    The British journal of educational psychology
  • 1966
The books for the course are Sparks of Genius by Root-Bernstein and RootBerstein, the Handbook of Creativity edited by Robert Sternberg and anything else you can find of interest. A bibliography of