Pseudoscience and Minority Religions: An Evaluation of the Brainwashing Theories of Jean-Marie Abgrall

@article{Anthony1999PseudoscienceAM,
  title={Pseudoscience and Minority Religions: An Evaluation of the Brainwashing Theories of Jean-Marie Abgrall},
  author={D. Anthony},
  journal={Social Justice Research},
  year={1999},
  volume={12},
  pages={421-456}
}
  • D. Anthony
  • Published 1999
  • Sociology
  • Social Justice Research
An analysis of Jean-Marie Abgrall's cultic brainwashing theory shows that the theory is essentially identical to the pseudoscientific theory that was developed first by the American CIA as a propaganda device to combat communism, and second as an ideological device for use by the American anti-cult movement to rationalize efforts at persecution and control of minority religious groups. The CIA theory has been evaluated scientifically in research in several contexts (i.e., communist coercive… Expand
Advocacy, brainwashing theories, and new religious movements
Advocacy by scholars in the field of new religious movements emerged during the ‘cult wars,’ which in the U.S. had their peak between 1970 and 1990 and continued in Europe and Japan in subsequentExpand
Pseudoscience versus Minority Religions
This chapter evaluates the scientific status of the cultic brainwashing perspective of the French psychiatrist Jean-Marie Abgrall, who appears to be playing a similar role in anti-cult crusading inExpand
Dissecting Disbelief: Possible Reasons for the Denial of the Existence of Ritual Abuse in the United Kingdom
When allegations of ritual abuse first came to light in the UK, they were met primarily with a ‘discourse of disbelief’ that left little room for the possibility accounts could be based in genuineExpand
Law and Social Control
Social control efforts involving religion often involve applications of law and of legal processes. Herein the theories of two prominent sociologists of law, Donald Black and William Chambliss, areExpand
New religious movements and the fear of crime
Anti-cult movements have had a significant influence on the creation of the 2001 Anti-Cult Law in France. For the first time, a state apparatus has been put into place against new forms of religionExpand
Involvement in a New Religious Movement: From Discovery to Disenchantment
This article discusses involvement in a new religious movement (religious cult) from a sociological perspective developed from a qualitative study of individuals' involvement in Swami Muktananda'sExpand
Brainwashing Theories in European Parliamentary and Administrative Reports on Cults and Sects
Religious minorities in Europe today are often perceived as a social problem, traditionally thought of as “a condition which is defined by a considerable number of persons as a diversion from someExpand
Depsychologizing Torture
In May 2006 the American Psychiatric Association banned all direct participation by psychiatrists in intelligence interrogations: “No psychiatrist should participate directly in the interrogation ofExpand
France's "War on Sects": A Post-9/11 Update
This is a report on the latest developments in the "cult wars" in France. The anticult panic caused by the Solar Temple group suicides and murders has, after thirteen years, died down, and a moreExpand
Rebooting The Family. An Analysis of Members' Feelings about Organizational Change in a New Religious Movement
The Family International is a Christian new religious movement founded in 1968. The movement has a history of frequent organizational changes, partly due to its theologically founded belief inExpand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 56 REFERENCES
Brainwashing and Totalitarianization in Modern Society
ONE of the most interesting aftermaths of the Korean conflict in I950-I953 has been the preoccupation of many Americans with "brainwashing." The word itself has become popular as a term for all sortsExpand
Law, social science and the “brainwashing” exception to the first amendment
Litigation in the "cult wars" has shifted from "deprograming" cases to civil suits by ex-converts based on "brainwashing" claims, and to criminal defenses claiming incapacity due to culticExpand
Cult/Brainwashing Cases and Freedom of Religion
" C u l t cases" have attracted considerable attention from the legal profession, scholars in several disciplines, the media, and the general public in recent years, as different types of legalExpand
Strange Gods: The Great American Cult Scare
By this time, everyone in some way has encountered pop psychology: the trendy, profitable paths to self-improvement. In Strange Gods, sociologists Bromley and Shupe (B&S) present a "scientific" studyExpand
Thought Reform and the Psychology of Totalism: A Study of Brainwashing in China
Informed by Erik Erikson's concept of the formation of ego identity, this book, which first appreared in 1961, is an analysis of the experiences of fifteen Chinese citizens and twenty-five WesternersExpand
New religious movements
‘New religious movements’ (NRMs) is a term used to describe minority religions that have recently become visible in a society. They have appeared throughout the world and throughout history, and theyExpand
The Sociology of Religious Movements
Explaining how religion and society transform each other, this book explores such movements as Holiness, Adventism, religious communes, Satanism, New Age and democratization. The Sociology ofExpand
Antisocial and criminal acts induced by "hypnosis". A review of experimental and clinical findings.
  • T. Barber
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Archives of general psychiatry
  • 1961
TLDR
To provide an answer to the latter question, the present paper reviews all pertinent experimental and theoretical literature on hypnosis and indicates which of the many concrete conditions subsumed under the abstract term hypnosis are instrumental and which irrelevant to producing such behavior. Expand
General population and institutional elite support for social control of new religious movements: Evidence from national survey data
The cult controversy has now spanned two decades. New religious movements clearly have engendered considerable opposition, but there is relatively little information concerning the impact of the cultExpand
The Mismeasure of Women
The subtitle of this elegant book, Why women are not the better sex, the inferior sex, or the opposite sex, instantly conveys its major themes and main message. While Carol Tavris would like toExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...