Pseudohistory and Pseudoscience

@article{Allchin2004PseudohistoryAP,
  title={Pseudohistory and Pseudoscience},
  author={Douglas Allchin},
  journal={Science \& Education},
  year={2004},
  volume={13},
  pages={179-195}
}
  • D. Allchin
  • Published 1 April 2004
  • Education
  • Science & Education
AbstractThe dangers of pseudoscience – parapsychology, astrology,creationism, etc. – are widely criticized. Lessons in the history of science are oftenviewed as an educational remedy by conveying the nature of science. But such histories canbe flawed. In particular, many stories romanticize scientists, inflate the drama of their discoveries,and oversimplify the process of science. They are, literally and rhetorically, myths.While based on real historical events, they distort the basis of… 
Political paranoia and conspiracy theories
© Cambridge University Press 2014. We seem to live in an incredibly credulous age. Despite the unparalleled proliferation of information (or perhaps because of it), many people appear to believe in
Politics of Memory, Historical Revisionism, and Negationism in Postsocialist Serbia
This paper explores the phenomenon of revisionism in historiography, while focusing in particular on illegitimate revisionism and negationism. It is indisputably true that historiography must be
Presentism and Precursorship in Intellectual History
Abstract Presentism, which is to say the application of concepts of the present to the study of the past, is a topic that has recently earned a high level of attention, especially in the history of
Under the Influence: History in Scientific Training, the Case of Textbooks
Scientists recognize that their work is now part of a global enterprise, thus pluricultural. Historians of science understand this pluricultural dimension has been true for millennia, with essential
Pseudo-science and Metaphoric Operativity: Making the Case for a Cognitive Model of Scientific Change
Pseudo-scientific and ‘fantastic science’ beliefs have long been recognized as a significant impediment to the aims of science literacy among students and the general population. Nevertheless, many
RESEARCH ON THE PSEUDO-SCIENTIFIC BELIEFS OF PRE-SERVICE SCIENCE TEACHERS: A SAMPLE FROM ASTRONOMY-ASTROLOGY
In addition to being an intellectual activity, science has also become a socially accepted means of attaining knowledge integrated into our lives. With the increasing attention on science,
Selection, presentism, and pluralist history.
An Educational Blend of Pseudohistory and History of Science and Its Application in the Study of the Discovery of Electromagnetism
This work describes a strategy for teaching the history of science that contrasts different types of historical resources, including pieces of pseudohistory, with primary and secondary sources. This
Scientific Myth-Conceptions
Using several familiar examples—Gregor Mendel, H. B. D. Kettlewell, Alexander Fleming, Ignaz Semmelweis, and William Harvey—I analyze how educators currently frame historical stories to portray the
Scientific myth-conceptions†
Using several familiar examples—Gregor Mendel, H. B. D. Kettlewell, Alexander Fleming, Ignaz Semmelweis, and William Harvey—I analyze how educators currently frame historical stories to portray the
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 50 REFERENCES
Should the History of Science Be Rated X?
I suggest that the teacher who wants to indoctrinate his students in the traditional role of the scientist as a neutral fact finder should not use historical materials of the kind now being prepared
The Mismeasure of Man
TLDR
In this edition Dr. Gould has written a substantial new introduction telling how and why he wrote the book and tracing the subsequent history of the controversy on innateness right through The Bell Curve.
Scientific Myth-Conceptions
Using several familiar examples—Gregor Mendel, H. B. D. Kettlewell, Alexander Fleming, Ignaz Semmelweis, and William Harvey—I analyze how educators currently frame historical stories to portray the
Denying History: Who Says the Holocaust Never Happened and Why Do They Say It?
Foreword by Arthur Hertzberg Introduction. Who Speaks For The Past? History and Pseudohistory PART I. FREE SPEECH AND HISTORY 1. Giving the Devil His Due The Free Speech Issue 2. The Noble Dream How
The Generality of Hypothetico-Deductive Reasoning: Making Scientific Thinking Explicit
L EWIS (1988) made the case that today's biology is essentially hypothetico-deductive in nature. In Lewis's view, biology is not a science in which one gathers all the facts, classifies them and then
T. rex, the Crater of Doom, and the Nature of Scientific Discovery
Working from the 1970s to the early 1990s, Walter Alvarez and his research teamsought the cause of the mass extinction that claimed the dinosaurs 65 million years ago. The present paper discusses
THE PRINCIPAL ELEMENTS OF THE NATURE OF SCIENCE: DISPELLING THE MYTHS
The message from the Science and Engineering Indicators Study (National Science Board, 1996) discussed in the first chapter, and from an evaluation of the myths of science presented here is simple.
Cautious revolutionaries: Maxwell, Planck, Hubble
Three scientists exemplified the cautious behavior that we might like all scientists to display: indeed, they were so critical of their own ideas that they risked losing credit for them.
Mickey Mouse history and other essays on American memory
Introduction: Battlefields of Memory Section I 1. Visiting the Past: History Museums in the United States 2. Razor Ribbons, History Museums, and Civic Salvation 3. Boat People: Immigrant History at
The historical anecdote as a “caricature”: A case study
Much discussion has recently taken place about uses which can be made of historical material in science teaching. A great deal of advice, taking advantage of the particular and unique contributions
...
1
2
3
4
5
...