Proxy evidence for an El Niño-like response to volcanic forcing

  title={Proxy evidence for an El Ni{\~n}o-like response to volcanic forcing},
  author={James B Adams and Michael E. Mann and Caspar M. Ammann},
Past studies have suggested a statistical connection between explosive volcanic eruptions and subsequent El Niño climate events. This connection, however, has remained controversial. Here we present support for a response of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon to forcing from explosive volcanism by using two different palaeoclimate reconstructions of El Niño activity and two independent, proxy-based chronologies of explosive volcanic activity from ad 1649 to the present. We… CONTINUE READING
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