Proximate physical cues to fear of crime

  title={Proximate physical cues to fear of crime},
  author={Jack L. Nasar and Bonnie S. Fisher and Margaret S. Grannis},
  journal={Landscape and Urban Planning},
Fear of crime is a serious problem on university and college campuses. Although fear has many causes, one potential source of fear may arise from the design of the physical environment. In areas having a climate of fear (from incivilities or other factors), proximate cues in the surroundings may affect feelings of safety. In theory, concealment, blocked prospect into the concealment, and blocked escape contribute to fear. Following one study that tested this theory in a highly atypical building… Expand
Fear of Criminal Victimization on a College Campus: A Visual and Survey Analysis of Location and Demographic Factors
On a college campus, fear of crime may be driven by the physical characteristics of a specific location, as well as the demographics and the past experiences of respondents. Demographic and personalExpand
The Influence of Micro Scale Environmental Characteristics on Crime and Fear
This study investigated the relation between crime, fear, and micro level physical environmental features: physical incivilities, places that afford concealment (or refuge), limited prospect, andExpand
Landscapes of Fear and Stress
Fear of crime is a major urban stressor. Certain areas-hot spots of fear-evoke higher levels of fear than others. In conditions of general wariness, certain proximate cues should evoke site-specificExpand
Variations in perceptions of danger, fear and preference in a simulated natural environment
Although natural environments can help promote health, they also contain a number of dangers. This study attempted to examine how variations in the physical structure of a simulated naturalExpand
Why Is Fear of Crime a Serious Social Problem
This chapter begins by reviewing individual reactions to fear of crime. Researchers frequently note the detrimental physiological and psychological effects of the problem as well as the protectiveExpand
Fear of Crime: The Influence of General Fear, Risk, and Time Perspective
The article assesses the relationship between TP as a stable personality factor and the mediation of risk and general fear on fear of crime levels, with indirect effects observed for Past Negative TP and Present Fatalistic TP. Expand
Fear Perceptions in Public Parks
This research examined the effect of concealment (environmental cues), presence or absence of people recreating (social cues), and gender on individuals’ fear of crime in a community park setting.Expand
What Causes Fear of Crime
An understanding of the factors associated with fear of crime is a fundamental component of fear-reduction strategies. To effectively combat fear of crime, planners and policy makers need thisExpand
‘Hot spots’ of fear and crime: A multi-method investigation
Abstract Crime and fear of crime concentrate in some areas called ‘hot spots’. Hot spots relate to at least two levels of reference—macro (neighborhood) and micro (proximate). Although the study ofExpand
Exploring crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) and students’ fear of crime at an Australian university campus using prospect and refuge theory
Crime and fear of crime in and around the university campus can affect enrolments and retention rates as well as compromising the safety, security and well-being of students and staff. The purpose ofExpand


Perceived Risk and Fear of Crime: Role of Social and Physical Incivilities
Scholars are paying close attention to incivilities and how they affect citizens' fear of crime. A common research finding is that neighborhood incivilities (e.g., abandoned storefronts, unkept lots,Expand
Fear of Crime in Relation to Three Exterior Site Features
This article examines fear of crime in relation to exterior site features on a college campus. The authors propose and test a theoretical model that posits that places that afford offenders refuge,Expand
Dangerous Situations: Social Context and Fear of Victimization
As people navigate their social and physical environment, what cues or signs lead them to believe that they are in danger of becoming victims of crime? Using Goffman's essay onf "Nonnal Appearances"Expand
The physical-environment of street blocks and resident perceptions of crime and disorder: Implications for theory and measurement
There are two purposes to the present study. Our methodological purpose is to develop and test a procedure and instrument for assessing crime- and fear-related features of the urban residentialExpand
Fear of Crime and Neighborhood Change
Crime rates and the quality of life do not necessarily change in direct response to changes in the physical and social characteristics of neighborhoods. Developments that have an indirect effect onExpand
Environmental Design, Crime, and Prevention: An Examination of Community Dynamics
Property offenders construct cognitive images of the physical environment to decide where to commit crimes. At least three levels of target selection occur-neighborhoods, or regions; street blocks;Expand
Residents' Perceptions of Territorial Features and Perceived Local Threat
A pivotal assumption of work on defensible space theory and territorial signs is that people interpret the presence of defensible space features and territorial signs to mean that occupants haveExpand
Personal Violence by Strangers: An Extension and Test of the Opportunity Model of Predatory Victimization
VioLit summary: OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research by Sampson was to test and extend the opportunity model of predatory victimization. METHODOLOGY: The author analyzed data from the BritishExpand
Coping With Crime: Individual and Neighborhood Reactions
How is a social scientist to cope with the cornucopia of already existing studies in his or her area? How to draw useable conclusions from a body of work that might run to 5000 items? TraditionalExpand
Fear of Rape Among Urban Women
Sample survey data from Seattle are used to examine fear of rape among urban women. The magnitude and prevalence of such fear are striking, particularly among younger women, who fear rape more thanExpand