Proximate Factors in the Mobilization of Anti‐EU Groups in France and the UK: The European Union as First‐Order Politics

@article{Usherwood2007ProximateFI,
  title={Proximate Factors in the Mobilization of Anti‐EU Groups in France and the UK: The European Union as First‐Order Politics},
  author={S. Usherwood},
  journal={Journal of European Integration},
  year={2007},
  volume={29},
  pages={21 - 3}
}
  • S. Usherwood
  • Published 2007
  • Sociology
  • Journal of European Integration
Abstract Events relating to the European Union are typically conceived of as being a ‘second‐order’ phenomenon in domestic politics; ‘European’ referenda, elections, etc. are first and foremost a function of domestic/national issues. However, in the case of anti‐EU groups it is apparent that they are formed primarily as a result of European events. This paper provides a comprehensive taxonomy of proximate factors in such groups’ mobilization, using the otherwise contrasting examples of France… Expand
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