Proximal versus distal carcinoma of the stomach. A clinicoendoscopic study.


During the period 1978 to 1988, 4619 upper gastrointestinal fibreoptic panendoscopies were carried out. There were 106 (2.2%) histologically confirmed cases of carcinoma of the stomach. The annual incidence was 9.6. The peak incidence was in the fifth decade. The mean age of these patients was 49.4 years and the male: female ratio was 3.6:1. The most frequent symptoms were weight loss (81%) and anorexia (72.9%). Dysphagia was present in 30% of patients. Thirty two percent of patients had proximal carcinoma, 63.2% had distal carcinoma and in 4.7% the whole stomach was involved. Patients with distal carcinoma had a longer history (P less than 0.01) and were more likely to present with weight loss (P less than 0.001), anorexia (P less than 0.005), abdominal pain (P less than 0.05) and abdominal lump (P less than 0.05), compared to proximal carcinomas. Dysphagia was, however, more likely to be present in patients with proximal carcinomas (P less than 0.001).

Cite this paper

@article{Misra1990ProximalVD, title={Proximal versus distal carcinoma of the stomach. A clinicoendoscopic study.}, author={Sri Prakash Misra and Manisha Dwivedi and Virendra Misra and Pramela Anthony Singh and R Agarwal and Divya Nigam}, journal={The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India}, year={1990}, volume={38 11}, pages={835-7} }