Proximal hypospadias: we aren’t always keeping our promises

  title={Proximal hypospadias: we aren’t always keeping our promises},
  author={Christopher J. Long and Douglas A. Canning},
Hypospadias surgery is a humbling art form. The evolution of surgical techniques has made distal hypospadias outcomes favorable, but recent publications suggest that our complication rates for proximal hypospadias are much higher than previously reported. To explain these shortcomings, we examine the literature and focus on the lack of standardized documentation, the subsequent inability to objectify the severity of the phenotype, and the underestimation of complications due to lack of long… CONTINUE READING